Emulators Complete

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Archive-name: apple2/emulators-faq/part1 URL: http://purl.org/net/Apple2 Posting-Frequency: monthly Version: 1.3.7 Part: 1/4

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*                                                                         *
*                    Apple ][ Emulator Resources Guide                    *
*                              version 1.3.7                              *
*                                                                         *
*                       (c) 1995-1998 Alex Maddison                       *
*                            <alexm@zip.com.au>                           *
*                                                                         *
*               Corrections and constructive criticism welcome.           *
*                                                                         *
* Last updated: April 1998                                                *
*                                                                         *
* Newsgroups: comp.emulators.apple2, alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2, *.answers*
* Posted: First week of each month or on demand.                          *
*                                                                         *
* http://purl.org/net/Apple2                                              *
* ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/emulators-faq/part1   *
* http://www.faqs.org/faqs/apple2/emulators-faq/part1/                    *
* http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/apple2/emulators-faq/part1.html   *
*                                                                         *
***************************************************************************

(An "*" represents new information - new versions do not constitute new information)


Contents

Introduction

What is an emulator?

An emulator is a virtual-copy of a physical device (in terms of this document, an 8-bit or 16-bit Apple computer). Early home computers contained a number of basic hardware components - the ROM (hard-coded software, like a computer-game cartridge), the RAM (writeable application memory) and the CPU (the microprocessor which executes machine-language programs). The original instruction-set of the Apple's CPU is duplicated at the core of the emulator as software, and around this is built further emulation of storage devices (usually disk-drives) and translation so that the virtual-machine can use your physical computer's keyboard, display screen, RAM and sound features. Along with a software copy of the ROM (see below) the emulator can use the resources of your physical computer to mimic an Apple!

If the concept of emulation sounds too good to be true - that's probably because it is. Emulators can use a large percentage of your physical computer's resources during operation. Efficient emulation of the Apple on modern machines is really only possible because of the expanding power of computers. At this point, it takes the processing power of a 486DX2/66 or 68030 CPU to comfortably emulate a 1MHz 6502 (the CPU of the 8-bit Apple ][). The 16-bit IIgs emulators coming into use now need the latest processors (Pentium or PowerPC chips).

What are disk-images?

Apple II 5.25" diskettes are not compatible with that 5.25" floppy in the front of your PC. Period.

A disk-image is a track-by-track copy of a physical diskette made to a fixed volume as a software file; basically there is little difference between it and a compressed archive (eg. a PKZIP or StuffIt file). In everyday use, this is useful because of a number of factors - an "image" of a diskette retains more information than an archived copy (eg. volume name, original file dates), physical diskettes may become defective, it makes duplication of master-diskettes easier, disk-images can be stored on hard- disks eliminating the need for unwieldy numbers of diskettes, etc. All of the modern computing platforms use disk-images for storing and transferring disks over electronic networks (such as the Internet). Apple distributes its system software in DiskCopy image format (which is compatible with programs such as ShrinkWrap and MountImage allowing the image to be accessed like a real disk from the Finder). The PC uses WinImage (which is compatible with DiskCopyFast in DOS). Finally, the Amiga uses DiskMasher images. None of these image types are compatible with each other.

Emulators use disk-images for a totally different purpose. Whereas modern computers use images to transfer physical diskettes electronically, emulators use disk-images because the original media is not compatible with the modern disk drives. Although the diskette media itself is the same, the method used to store data on it is totally different. Disk-images are used to trick the emulator software into thinking that there is an Apple ][ disk-drive attached (unlike modern software, most Apple ][ applications could not be installed onto a hard-drive and were dependent on the 140K diskette structure to operate). Unlike the different types of images above, emulator images can be used on any computer. There are six types of Apple ][ disk-images, of which three are standard to virtually every emulator on every platform... But why have more than one type of disk-image to emulate an Apple disk-drive? Because any disk-drive can access the information on a diskette in a number of ways. An Apple ][ drive alone supports DOS and ProDOS structuring, as well as a Nibble format which included half and quarter tracks used in some software as copy-protection. These are the three main types which are standard to most emulators.

For further information on disk-images, please refer to Chapter 6 of this guide.

The Apple ROMs

According to the 'Apple II User's Guide', the read-only memory (ROM) "contents never change, even when you turn the power off. ROM contains the programs which give the Apple II its unique identity and enables it to understand and respond appropriately to the commands you type in at the keyboard." (p.4) Every computer contains ROMs, and understandably, they are copyrighted by the manufacturer. As such, many of the emulator packages listed below do not include the ROMs required to emulate an Apple ][. ROMs can be duplicated from your original Apple computer in the form of binary files - usually the Apple, disk-drive and serial ROMs. Instructions for saving the information from the ROMs into binary files can be found in the text file "dumping-ROMs" available on wilbur. Emulator packages which do not include the ROMs often include instructions on dumping ROMs. This information is specifically indicated in the descriptions below. As an aside, the main Apple ROMs are included on the original DOS3.3 System Master Disk, in the "FPBASIC" and "INTBASIC" machine language files.

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/apple2/dumping-ROMs

There are some ROM files available from the following addresses (legally you may only use these ROM files if you own a corresponding Apple computer): ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple2o.rom.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_II+_rom.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIc_rom.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIe_rom.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/appleIIgs_rom01.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/GSRom01.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/gsrom03.zip

Apple Emulators

The SHORT DESCRIPTION is intended only as a general guide; refer to the documentation that comes with each package for the complete technical information. The DISK-IMAGE FORMATS are explained in Chapter 6.

IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT FTP.APPLE.ASIMOV.NET: The files in /pub/apple_II/incoming/ directory are now locked to prevent download. Files will become "downloadable" after they have been moved into the normal file hierarchy.

IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT WILBUR.STANFORD.EDU (AKA FOGHORN.STANFORD.EDU): This site is down - some of the files listed in this guide were only available from wilbur. If you require any of these files, please email <alexm@zip.com.au> with your request. Due to download limits on my website, they cannot be made available.

General Emulator-Related Files

APL2BMP - Small MSDOS executable which converts Apple ][ screen-dumps (BSAVE FILE,A$2000,L$2000) to Windows bitmaps (*.BMP), by Arthur Levesque <backslash@erols.com>. Source code is available by request.

http://www.erols.com/backslash/binary/apl2bmp.zip


APS2BMP - Small MSDOS executable which converts Apple ][ Print Shop graphics files into monochrome 88x52 Windows bitmaps (*.BMP), by Arthur Levesque <backslash@erols.com>. Source code is available by request.

http://www.erols.com/backslash/binary/aps2bmp.zip


ASB2TXT - Small MSDOS executable which converts AppleSoft BASIC files (after they've been transferred to the MS-DOS environment) to ASCII text, by Arthur Levesque <backslash@erols.com>. Source code is available by request.

http://www.erols.com/backslash/binary/asb2txt.zip


AP2IFC - Pascal source and MSDOS executable which extracts Infocom data from disk-images, by Steve Hugg <hugg@pobox.com>.

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/infocom/tools/ap2ifc.zip


AP2INF - ANSI C source and MSDOS executable written to extract data from disk-images of Infocom adventure games, by Stephen Tjasink <stjasink@cs.uct.ac.za>.

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/infocom/tools/ap2inf14.zip (v1.4)

SPEED.TEST - Disk-image containing a small program to test (and benchmark) emulator performance, by William Night <wnight@wimsey.com>.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/spedtest.zip (v1.0)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/spdt222.zip (v2.2.2)


Timer Module - Add-on which times Speed Test on the Macintosh emulator STM.

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/timer.sit.hqx

Apple Macintosh Platform

HINT: Having trouble transferring files from a Macintosh to a ProDOS disk with PC Exchange? Try setting the file?s creator to ?pdos? and the type to 'BINA' using ResEdit (or install the Snitch extension to allow filetype altering in Finder "Get Info" windows). This will prevent the creation of a forked file on the ProDOS disk (ie. it will transfer the data fork only, and not the Macintosh resource fork). It should not be necessary to change the ProDOS file type further if the file is a disk-image or ShrinkIt archive. If the file is text, substitute the file type 'TEXT' for 'BINA'.

Bernie ][ The Rescue - formerly Fast Eddie

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.bernie.gs/Bernie/

AVAILABILITY: Shareware, available for free download from:

http://www.bernie.gs/Download/Parts/bernie13consumer.html

http://www.bernie.gs/Download/Parts/bernie13dev.html (special version with debugging tools for Apple IIgs software development)

Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/fast_eddie/fasteddie1.0b2.sit

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/fast_eddie/fasteddie.sit.hqx (1.0b1)

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/FastEddie1b1.hqx

NOTE: Bernie ][ The Rescue is Shareware; registration costs $25 (US). Educational institutions: US$15 per license, lab & site license available

AUTHOR: Andre Horstmann <andre.horstmann@unifr.ch> and Henrik Gudat <gudath@ubaclu.unibas.ch>, F.E.Systems (formerly Bright Software).

Contacts: <woof@kagi.com> technical support, <emutech@magnet.ch> corporate/media/registration.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Bernie ][ The Rescue is a software-only Apple IIGS emulator, closely integrated to the MacOS (optimized for the Power Macintosh) and capable of running both Apple ][ and 16-bit IIGS software. The package includes a superfast 65816 emulator in hand-crafted PowerPC assembly. Bernie supports all graphic modes, 32 channel stereo sound, up to 2 joysticks and mouse emulation (incl. direct GamePad/MouseStick support), cached 3.5" IWM emulation (read & write), 5.25" disk support, and text printing through "InkMeister" (cross-platform printing through MacOS printer architecture) and direct printing with InkDirect. With the introduction of version 1.3, Bernie is the only emulation software that can run Wolfenstein 3D, Diversi-Tune/GS, and most notably telecommunications software (registration required) such as ProTerm, ReadyLink, AppleWorks GS/telecomm. Bernie features a very low memory and disk footprint. Bernie is shareware ($25) and can be registered through Kagi <

http://order.kagi.com/?XF>. We support by e-mail <woof@kagi.com> or via newsgroups comp.emulators.apple2 and Delphi's Apple II forum/message board.

http://www.bernie.gs/Bernie/Specifications/index.html

ROMS: Bernie ][ The Rescue does not come with the necessary IIGS version 1 or 3 ROMs. Instructions are included in the "Fast Eddie Readme" file for saving the ROMs. To use choose between both ROM01 and ROM03 images, name the ROM dumps "APPLE2GS.ROM" and "APPLE2GS.ROM2" respectively and select the required ROM from the Setup menu.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/appleIIgs_rom01. zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/GSRom01.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/gsrom03.zip

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DiskCopy, universal ("2img"), raw, and real ProDOS disks via the SuperDrive.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO:
      File Creator: 'B2TR', File Type: 'DOS3' (5.25" images)
      File Creator: 'B2TR', File Type: 'DSK5' (5.25" images)
      File Creator: 'B2TR', File Type: 'PDOS' (5.25" images)
      File Creator: 'B2TR', File Type: 'NIBL' (5.25" nibble)
      File Creator: 'B2TR', File Type: 'VDSK' (Proprietary)
      File Creator: 'B2TR', File Type: '2img' (2img universal)
      File Creator: 'B2TR, File Type: 'dImg' (DiskCopy 4.2)
      File Creator: 'B2TR, File Type: 'dimg' (DiskCopy 6)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: PowerPC-equipped Mac, 4.5Mb free RAM (this includes about 1.5Mb RAM for the virtual IIgs), and MacOS 7.5.3 or better. Appearance manager strongly recommended. Some features available in registered version only (communications support). Versions prior to Warp 5 require the DrawSprocket extension. Versions 1.0 and higher do not require DrawSprocket.

http://www.unsupported.com/Files/Release/DrawSprocket.sit.bin

FURTHER REFERENCE: "Release Notes" (file included in the archive). Further documentation available from the homepage.

http://www.bernie.gs/Bernie/Documentation (online manual)

http://www.bernie.gs/Bernie/Download (download area)

http://www.bernie.gs/Support (tutorials & FAQs)

http://www.bernie.gs/ (F.E.Systems home page)

(Thanks to Henrik Gudat for email about this emulator. - Alex)

Catakig (version 1.10a2)

HOMEPAGE:

http://purl.org/net/Catakig/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.access.digex.net/~cklipsch/stage/ctkg110a2.hqx

Older versions as below:

http://www.access.digex.net/~cklipsch/stage/catakig103.hqx

http://hyperarchive.lcs.mit.edu/HyperArchive/Archive/app/catakig-103.hqx

http://www.access.digex.net/~cklipsch/stage/catakig103b.sit.bin

http://hyperarchive.lcs.mit.edu/HyperArchive/Archive/app/catakig-103b.hqx

http://www.access.digex.net/~cklipsch/stage/catakig102.sit.bin

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/catakig102.sit

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/catakig/catakig102.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-ii-emulators/catakig-102.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/catakig/catakig102b.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/catakig/catakig101.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/catakig/catakig100b3.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/catakig/catakig100b2.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/catakig/catakig100b.sit.bin

AUTHOR: Colin Klipsch <cklipsch@access.digex.net>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Catakig emulates a 64K Apple ][/][+ and a 128K //e, allowing multiple emulator windows to be opened at once. The emulator includes full sound support and all Apple video modes, as well as ProDOS hard-disk volumes and disk-image read/write.

ROMS: Catakig does not come with the necessary ROMs. The missing ROMs are the main Apple ROMs "APPLE2.ROM", "APPLE2P.ROM" and "APPLE2E.ROM") - depending on the type of Apple emulated.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_II_rom.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_II+_rom.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIe_rom.zip

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes), Nibblized Dos Order (NDO - size: 232960 bytes) and a proprietary compressed format. Virtual ProDOS hard-disk volumes are also supported.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO:
      File Creator: 'Ctkg', File Type: 'A2D5' (5.25" images)
      File Creator: 'Ctkg', File Type: 'A2D3' (3.5" images)
      File Creator: 'Ctkg', File Type: 'A2DH' (hard-drive)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: PowerPC Macintosh running System 7 and above, with QuickTime installed.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "Read Me" (file included in the archive).

Deja ][ (version 1.0)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.hypermall.com/ego/Mac/HTML/deja.ii.html

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, available from JEM Software for US$79.95.

          JEM Software
          7578 Lamar Ct.
          Arvada, CO 80003.
          Fax: 303-422-4856
          Email: rbJEM@aol.com

AUTHOR: Randy Brandt <rbJEM@aol.com> & Mike Munz <munz@wordperfect.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: An AppleWorks emulator for 68K and PPC Macintoshes - literally, an "Apple II emulation engine", which requires AppleWorks 5. > From a post on "comp.sys.apple2": "It supports most TimeOut applications, including UltraMacros. It also tightly integrates AppleWorks 5 and the Mac environment. This includes automatic conversion between Macintosh and AppleWorks clipboards, being able to traverse through your Macintosh hard disk (no Prodos partition required), and macro commands to access Mac functions (like speaking text, dialing). And if you have PCExchange (or System 7.5), it will read Apple II 3.5" disks as well. It, however, is not a generic emulator".

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 68K or PowerPC Macintosh running System 7 and above; AppleWorks 5.

FURTHER REFERENCE: None.

Gus

HOMEPAGE:

http://users.ids.net/~kerwood/gus.html

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product under development; screen shots at:

http://www.cs.csubak.edu/~jstiles/emulator/apple2/

AUTHOR: Dave Lyons and Andy Nicholas (Apple Computer, Inc.)

STATUS: Pre-release.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Gus is an Apple in-house project which should allow fully transparent IIgs emulation on Macintosh. Apparently, the emulation speed is quite fast, working approximately four to five times the speed of a real IIgs if speed regulation is turned off.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Unknown.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unknown.

FURTHER REFERENCE: None.

Mac Apple //e Emulator - MacE (version 0.80)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/IIe/MacE.compiled.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/misc/emsrc.sit (source code)

AUTHOR: W. Sheldon Simms III <sheldon@atlcom.net>.

STATUS: Source code released for public modification.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: An Apple //e emulator for 68K Macintoshes. The binhexed Think C 7.0 code was posted to "comp.emulators.apple2" on 5 July 1995. According to the author's accompanying message, it is an "emulator that boots into basic. I don't have time to work on it now so I'm posting the source in case anyone else wants to mess with it. It has a 65816 emulator (well 65802 really)...There's no documentation other than internal documentation."

ROMS: MacE comes with the necessary Apple //e ROMs and is ready for use after decompression.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes); there also seems to be an Icon resource for virtual hard-disk volumes in the code, but whether or not this is supported is unknown.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO:
      File Creator: 'MacE', File Type: 'DSK5' (5.25" images)
      File Creator: 'MacE', File Type: 'DSKB' (hard-drive)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Desktop" (colour) Macintosh - including Power Macintosh models. Will not work on "compact" (B&W) Macintoshes.

FURTHER REFERENCE: None.

Sara (version 0.2.0)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.access.digex.net/~cps/sss15.html

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.access.digex.net/pub/access/cps/pub/Sara68K.sit.hqx (68K)

ftp://ftp.access.digex.net/pub/access/cps/pub/SaraPPC.sit.hqx (PPC)

AUTHOR: Chris Smolinski <cps@access.digex.net>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Sara emulates an Apple ///, with four virtual disk- drives. According to the documentation, the emulator is currently at an extremely preliminary version - there is no writing to floppies, no ProFile hard-drive support and a problem with running programs.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Sara DO image format (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO: File Creator: 'SARA', File Type: 'DSK5' (5.25" images)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Colour 680x0 or Power Macintosh.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "ReadMe" (file included in the archive).

Sim6502 (version 0.1d)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.emulation.net/apple1/sim6502.sit.hqx

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-i-emulator/sim6502.hqx

AUTHOR: Achim Breidenbach <achim@boinx.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Sim6502 emulates an Apple I, and was developed to commemorate the works of Steven Wozniak. Although the Apple I does not have a BASIC interpreter, there are several sample codes included in the archive. The 6502 decimal mode is not emulated.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Power Macintosh models.

FURTHER REFERENCE: An HTML version of the original Apple I Operation Manual is included in the archive. An online version of the manual is available from:

http://www.emulation.net/apple1/manual/apple1manx.html

Stop The Madness - STM (version 0.851r)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/stm/STM_0.851r.sit

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/mac/0.851r.sea.bin

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-ii-emulators/stm-0851r.hqx

AUTHOR: Kevin Lund <kevin@locutus.ucr.edu> & Jim Nitchals <jimn8@netcom.com>.

STATUS: See STM v0.881r.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Stop The Madness emulates a 64K Apple ][+, and allows disk-swapping. Although it cannot "save" (write information to a disk image) a small program called Save The Madness can be used simultaneously with STM (under Multifinder or System 7), writing altered disk-image files (see below). STM comes with the DOS 3.3 System Master disk-image "pre- installed" into virtual drive one.

ROMS: STM comes with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and is ready for use after decompression.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO:

File Creator: 'A2EM', File Type: 'DSK5' (5.25" images)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Desktop" (colour) Macintosh - including Power Macintosh models. Runs ONLY in 256-colours! Will not display a picture on "compact" (B&W) Macintoshes.

NOTE: On desktop Macintoshes, you must set the "Colors" control panel to 256-colors, as STM does not support higher colour modes. This problem has erroneously been interpreted as non-compatibility of the emulator with some Macintoshes.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "docs 0.85" (DOCMaker file included in the archive), and "docs" (DOCMaker file included in the "Disks-n-Docs0.81.hqx" archive.

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/mac/Disks-n-Docs0.81.hqx

RELATED FILES:

Save The Madness - Application which adds write access to STM disk-images. Includes source.

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/mac/SaveTM_1.02.sit.bin

Stop The Madness - STM (version 0.881r)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/stm/STM_0.881r.sit

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/stm0.881r.sit

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-ii-emulators/stm-0.881.hqx

AUTHOR: Kevin Lund <kevin@locutus.ucr.edu> & Jim Nitchals <jimn8@netcom.com>.

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Stop The Madness emulates a 64K Apple ][+, and allows disk-swapping. Version 0.881r (formerly known as 0.872d) is far more versatile than the previous version; configurable "modules" allow expansion limited only by available memory - for example, STM can support four Disk II drives. Additionally, STM can now "save" disk-images (see below). STM comes with the DOS 3.3 System Master disk-image "pre-installed" into virtual drive one.

ROMS: STM comes with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and is ready for use after decompression.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes), and non-standard "pre-nibbleized". This second type is the only format the Disk II module will save images into. From the documentation: "this format is bulkier than the '.DSK' format, and has no cross-platform compatibility, but is more flexible, allowing non-standard formats and 1/4 track resolution." Version 1.00 of SaveTM (see below) is also compatible with STM 0.881r for those who prefer standard disk-image output.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO: File Creator: 'A2EM', File Type: 'DSK5' (5.25" images)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Desktop" (colour) Macintosh - including Power Macintosh models - with System 7. Runs ONLY in 256-colours! Will not display a picture on "compact" (B&W) Macintoshes.

NOTE: On desktop Macintoshes, you must set the "Colors" control panel to 256-colors, as STM does not support higher colour modes. This problem has erroneously been interpreted as non-compatibility of the emulator with some Macintoshes.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "STM 0.881r docs" (DOCMaker file included in the archive). Online documentation is also provided.

http://www.ecnet.net/users/mumbv/pages/STMdoc.html

RELATED FILES:

Cassette speaker module for STM.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/speaker_cass_for_STM/cassettespeaker.sit

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/speaker_cass_for_STM/speaker.bin

Disk ][ replacement module for STM.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/formattingdiskII.sit

Save The Madness - Application which adds write access to STM disk-images. Includes source.

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/incoming/SaveTM_1.00_for0.881r.sit.bin

IIe (version 3.01)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www-personal.usyd.edu.au/~vtan/sw/index.html

AVAILABILITY: Shareware, available for free download from: http://www-personal.usyd.edu.au/~vtan/sw/IIe/IIe_3.0.1.sit.hqx

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-ii-emulators/iie-301.hqx

Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/IIe/IIe_3.0.sit.hqx

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/iie.3.0.sit

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-ii-emulators/iie-201.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/IIe/IIe_1.0.sit.bin

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/IIe/Mac_IIe_1.0.sit.hqx

NOTE: IIe is Shareware; registration costs $25 (US).

AUTHOR: Vincent Tan <VincentTan@kagi.com> & Victor Tan.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: IIe emulates an Apple //e. Excerpted from the text file: "IIe is a fully functional Apple //e emulator that supports all of the graphics modes, all of the Apple //e keyboard keys, and all of the currently available Apple II disk image formats. You can even access your 3.5" Apple II disks from your Mac's floppy disk drive! This version can also access any ProDOS partitions on your Mac's hard disk, and it can even save ProDOS files directly in any of your Mac's folders!" From the WWW page: "The next version will have sound card support. There is no expected date of release at this time."

ROMS: IIe does not come with the necessary Apple //e ROMs. The missing ROM is the main Apple ROM ("APPLE2E.ROM"). The instructions suggest using ApplePC's //e ROM:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIe_rom.zip

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes); the emulator can also read 3.5" ProDOS disks directly from the Macintosh 800K/1.44Mb drive(s). 3.5" disk-images (Apple images in Apple DiskCopy format AND plain ProDOS-order images) and virtual hard-drive (.HDV) files are also supported.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO:
      File Creator: 'AIIe', File Type: 'DSK5' (5.25" images)
      File Creator: 'AIIe', File Type: 'DSK3' (3.5" images)
      File Creator: 'AIIe', File Type: 'dImg' (DiskCopy)
      File Creator: 'AIIe', File Type: 'HDV ' (hard-drive)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Desktop" (colour) Macintosh - including Power Macintosh models - with System 7.0 (with QuickTime and Thread Manager) or higher (System 7.5 recommended). Runs in most display modes (1-bit B&W and 4-bit colour) EXCEPT 16-bit and 24-bit colour. Will not work on "compact" (B&W) Macintoshes.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "1. Read me first", "2. Instructions", "3. Configuring IIe" and "4. Other stuff" (Text files included in the archive).

//e Card for Macintosh LC

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, no longer in production.

AUTHOR: Apple Computer.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: The LC //e Card is a combination hardware/software package which emulates an enhanced Apple //e, accelerated to 1.9 Mhz, monochrome, colour or inverse video, custom beep sound, RAM card, two super serial cards, a "printer" card (spools to Chooser device), clock, SmartPort card, AppleTalk card, Mouse card and extended 80-column card. Hardware is attached via a special connector with ports for a 9-pin joystick and a SmartPort drive (up to two 5.25" and one 3.5"). Files can easily be transferred between Macintosh and ProDOS hard-disk partitions using standard drag-and-drop copying (file copied to the ProDOS partition appear on fixed volume within the emulator). The problem of creating "forked files" is avoided by using the Resource Info below. Further installation, use and troubleshooting articles are available from the Apple Technical Information Library (search for "iie").

http://www.info.apple.com/til.html

The latest software for the card is available under copyright from the Apple FTP site. ftp://ftp.info.apple.com /Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/US/Apple_II/For_Macintosh/ Apple_IIe_Card_2.2.1.sea.hqx

ftp://ftp.info.apple.com /Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/US/Apple_II/For_Macintosh/ IIe_Startup_2.2.2d1.sea.hqx

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A. The card actually runs original software on 5.25" or 3.5" diskette, although it can be used to create disk-images for use with other emulators.

PRODOS FILE RESOURCE INFO:
      File Creator: 'pdos', File Type: 'BINA' (ProDOS binary)
      File Creator: 'pdos', File Type: 'TEXT' (text file)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Macintosh LC with PDS slot supporting 24-bit adressing, including the LC, LCII, LCIII, Color Classic, Color Classic II, LC 520, LC 550, LC 475/Quadra 605, LC 575 and the Performa 4xx and 5xx lines except the Quadra 630, LC/Performa 580 and 5200/75 LC.

FURTHER REFERENCE: N/A.

(The preceding information on the //e Card was obtained from information sent by Ivan Drucker <drucker@lclark.edu>).

][ in a Mac (version 2.53)

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, no longer in production.

AUTHOR: COMPUTER:applications 12813 Lindeley Drive Raleigh, NC 27614.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: ][ in a Mac is a package which emulates an Apple //e. Functionally, it is probably similar to it's PC counterpart, "][ in a PC" (see below) with the following exceptions: it runs at sixty percent of the standard //e speed (on a MacPlus), uses only a portion of the Mac screen, has no colour support and limited graphics, no "real" joystick, doesn't handle copy-protected software, and can create problems with keyboard translation and modem port detection on some Macintoshes.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: ProDOS3.3 Order (PO - size: 143360 bytes); the emulator can also read 3.5" ProDOS disks (usually 800K) directly from the Macintosh internal or external drive(s).

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO: File Creator: 'CAI1', File Type: 'DISK' (5.25" images)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: MacPlus or SE. Some older versions of the software didn't run on the Mac II line. The software will not display colour even on colour Macintosh systems.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "][inamac.txt" (Review text file on wilbur).

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/emulators/apple2/][inamac.txt

RELATED FILES:

Image Converter - Disk-image converter by Lazarus I. Long which converts between ProDOS (][ in a Mac), DOS3.3 and Copy ][+ 7.1 image formats.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ic.sit

(Thanks to Gaku Tomiyama for information on the disk-image format. - Alex)

XGS-Mac (version 0.50r3)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.cen.uiuc.edu/~m-bytnar/XGS-Mac/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:


http://www.students.uiuc.edu/~m-bytnar/XGS-Mac/xgs-mac0.50r3_68K.sit.hqx (68K)

http://www.students.uiuc.edu/~m-bytnar/XGS-Mac/xgs-mac0.50r3_PPC.sit.hqx (PPC)

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.53-src.tar.gz (beta source code)

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.50-src.tar.gz (source code)

Older versions as below:

http://www.students.uiuc.edu/~m-bytnar/XGS-Mac/xgs-mac0.50r2_PPC.sit.hqx (PPC)

http://www.students.uiuc.edu/~m-bytnar/XGS-Mac/xgs-mac0.50r1_68K.sit.hqx (68K)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/xgs/xgs-mac0.47r3_68K.sit.hqx (68K)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/xgs/xgs-mac0.47r3_PPC.sit.hqx (PPC)


AUTHOR: Joshua M. Thompson <funaho@jurai.org>; Mac version ported and maintained by Michael Bytnar <m-bytnar@uiuc.edu>.

STATUS: Development in progress. Check the mailing list for further information (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs- list" in the body of the letter) or the development mailing list (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs-dev" in the body of the letter). Announcements of the latest version of XGS-Mac are available from:

http://internetter.com/titan/macemu/index.html.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: XGS emulates a ROM01 or ROM03 Apple IIGS, with the following features: CPU and memory map emulation, graphics modes up to super high resolution, ADB keyboard, clock chip, battery RAM, IWM hardware emulation for Slot 5 & 6 drives, ProDOS block device in Slot 7 and classic Apple ][ sound. Further IIGS features such as Ensoniq sound and GS/OS 6 capacity will be added in future releases.

ROMS: XGS does not come with the necessary ROMs. The emulator requires a copy of the Apple IIGS ROM03 - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple IIGS by following the procedures in the "README" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/xgs.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: 2IMG universal format, from version 0.50. From version 0.50 onwards the previous proprietary image type is no longer supported. The archive includes a utility named "imgconv" to convert disk-images from the previous type into XGS image files.

DISK-IMAGE RESOURCE INFO: File Creator: 'xgs!', File Type: '2img' (2img universal)

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Higher end" 68K "desktop" (colour) Macintosh with FPU or PowerPC Macintosh with 6Mb RAM, extended keyboard and 1-20Mb of free hard-disk space. Versions 0.50r2 and higher require the DrawSprocket extension.

http://www.unsupported.com/Files/Release/DrawSprocket.sit.bin

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included in the archive) and "The Official XGS FAQ (version 1.3)".

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgsfaq13.txt

RELATED FILES:

Image Utilities for XGS-DOS v0.50 - A Macintosh port of "imageconv" and "imageutil" are provided in the XGS-Mac archive. These are basically identical in operation to their MS-DOS counterparts.

ROMverify - An application which validates the XGS.ROM file. It is included in the XGS-Mac archive.

"Using .SHK Files on an XGS" - Two-part article on using *.SHK and *.BSC files with XGS, by Bruce E. Fleury <bfleury@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu>.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul.dsk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul2.dsk

Apple Newton Platform

TwoInHand

AVAILABILITY: Under development; Freeware.

AUTHOR: Peter Liethen <pliethen@globaldialog.com>.

STATUS: Alpha testing.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: TwoInHand emulates a 128K Apple //c, with dual 5.25" floppies, modem and printer ports. Joystick, mouse and keyboard options depend upon the Newton configuration. Sound is fully emulated with a lag.

ROMS: Unknown.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Non-standard (size: 160 kilobytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Newton PDA, with 452K of free space for the program, 150K free heap space and 160K per disk-image.

FURTHER REFERENCE: None.

Atari Platform

Apple ][ A2.04

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://atari.archive.umich.edu/atari/Emulators/appleemu.arc - SEE UMICH MIRRORS

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/atari/appleemu.arc

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/atari/umich.edu/Emulators/appleemu.arc

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/appleemu.arc

ftp://nic.switch.ch/mirror/atari/Emulators/appleemu.arc

AUTHOR: Darek Mihocka.

STATUS: Unknown (date on readme file: Dec. 31, 1986).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: An Apple ][ emulator for the Atari ST. Excerpted from the documentation: "it can be used as a tool to learn 6502 machine language, but also, it allows the ST to run Apple...software."

ROMS: Apple ][ does not include the necessary ROMS - they must be copied from your Apple and titled "APPLSOFT.BIN" and "INTBASIC.BIN".

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A. Binary files must be transferred from the Apple ][ and then converted using a source code program from Apple monitor hex dump into an Atari DOS (.BIN) format.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Atari ST with 512K, colour or monochrome.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "EMULATOR.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

RELATED FILES:

Disk Server - A disk-image server for the Atari 1040 ST, written in OMICRON BASIC, by Peter Koch <pkoch@kiss.de>. It serves four disk-images over a serial null modem line to an Apple II.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/disk.server.tar.Z

BeOS/BeBox Platform

Open Bernie for Be (version 0.5d1)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.bernie.gs/Bernie/Be/index.html

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.bernie.gs/Bernie/Be/bernie.tar.gz

AUTHOR: Andre Horstmann <andre.horstmann@unifr.ch>, F.E.Systems (formerly Bright Software).

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Open Bernie is a BeOS version of the Power Macintosh Bernie ][ The Rescue, and emulates an Apple IIGS (ROM 01/03 depending upon ROM-file version). From the "Readme" file in the archive, "it therefore features an ultrafast CPU emulation kernel written entirely in handcrafted PPC assembly language. Bernie is also known for its extremely high compatibility level, running virtually every Apple II+/IIe or IIgs program."

ROMS: Open Bernie does not come with the necessary IIGS version 1 or 3 ROMs.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/appleIIgs_rom01.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/GSRom01.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/gsrom03.zip

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3, ProDOS, 2IMG universal format, DiskCopy, raw data disk-images and harddrive files.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: BeOS compatible PowerPC Macintosh.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "Read me - or crash!" (Text file included in the archive).

Sargalo (version 0.11)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/A2.BeBox.Emu.tar.gz

AUTHOR: Kevin Lund <kevin@locutus.ucr.edu>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Sargalo emulates an Apple ][+, running under 8-bit video on a BeOS compatible PowerMac.

ROMS: Sargalo comes with necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and is ready for use after decompression.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: BeOS compatible PowerPC Macintosh, or BeBox.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "README" (Text file included in the archive).

Commodore Amiga Platform

AppleM (DEMO version)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/amiga/aminet/misc/emu/applemdemo.lha - AMINET & SOME MIRRORS

AUTHOR: Greg Dunlap <gdunlap@ecst.csuchico.edu>.

STATUS: Unknown (date on readme file: July 6, 1992).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: AppleM emulates an Apple ][+ through Rexx C; it supports all Apple display modes, sound, joystick and language card. Additional enhancements are available: lowercase text is displayed and the 6502C instruction set is emulated. There is no disk, modem or printer support.

ROMS: AppleM does not come with the necessary ROMs. These ROMs can be copied from your old Apple ][ by following the procedures in the "Readme" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Amiga 1000, Amiga 500 and higher running KS1.2.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "README" (Text file included in the archive).

RELATED FILES:

Load RAM - Load Apple 2000 programs into AppleM (Rexx C).

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/amiga/aminet/misc/emu/LoadRAM.lha

Apple On Amiga (version 0.1)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/AppleOnAmiga.tar.Z

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/amiga/aminet/misc/emu/AppleOnAmiga.lha - AMINET & SOME MIRRORS

AUTHOR: Claudio Nieder <claudio@dial.eunet.ch>.

STATUS: Further development ceased. The author no longer programs on the Amiga.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple on Amiga emulates a 48K Apple ][+, with two disk drives (read/write but not save). It runs BASIC programs at 1/10 the speed of an Apple ][ and disk access can be as slow as 1/60 of an Apple ][. Booting can take five to six minutes. Written in Modula-2.

ROMS: Apple On Amiga does not come with the necessary ROMs. These ROMs can be copied from your old Apple ][ by following the procedures in the "Readme" text file included with the package (including an uncompiled Apple ][ program which must be transferred).

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Non-standard (size: 230 kilobytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Fast" Amiga with Workbench 2.0.4, and 1MB RAM free (such as 25MHZ Amiga 3000).

FURTHER REFERENCE: "Readme" (Text file included in the archive).

Apple 2000 (version 1.3)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/Apple2000v13.lha

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/amiga/Apple2000v13.lha

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/amiga/aminet/misc/emu/Apple2000v13.lha - AMINET & MIRRORS

AUTHOR: Kevin Kralian <Kevin_Kralian@sacbbx.com>.

STATUS: Further development ceased. The author posted a message to comp.sys.amiga.emulations stating that he will no longer be doing anything for the Amiga, therefore V1.3 is the last version.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple 2000 emulates a 64K Apple ][+, allowing loading (Right-Amiga-L) from and saving (Right-Amiga-S) to DDD Apple compressed disk archives from any Amiga device. All video modes are available (Text, LoRes, HiRes and mixed), along with a two button joystick. Apple 2000 is able to instantly load and run Apple files from any Amiga device (without "disk-booting"). The emulator supports Amiga multi-tasking. Version 1.3 introduces a number of improvements in the emulator; be sure to read the documentation.

ROMS: Apple 2000 does not come with the necessary ROMs. The missing ROMs are the disk-drive ROMs ("_DISK.ROM") and main Apple ROMs ("_APPLE.ROM") - these ROMs can be copied from your old Apple ][ by following the procedures in the "Apple 2000.doc" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DDD archives, plain Apple ][ files, raw disk-images (size: 220 kilobytes). It is possible to use standard DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes) images by renaming the 143360 byte disk-image with a *.disk extension.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 68020 Amiga with Kickstart 2.0, 1MB RAM and ReqTools.library (by Nico François). Will not work on 68000 Amiga (A500,2000).

FURTHER REFERENCE: "Apple 2000.doc" (Text file included in the archive).

Commodore 64 Platform

Spartan Emulator

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, no longer in production.

AUTHOR: Mimic Systems.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: The Apple ][ emulator for the Commodore 64 which was advertised as offering 100% Apple emulation and other features, all for the low price of US $595, but which turned out to be a package to transfer and re-compile BASIC programs on the C64.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Commodore 64 (with V2.0 BASIC).

FURTHER REFERENCE: None.

(The preceding information on the Spartan Emulator was obtained from information sent by Paul Allen Panks <pap@dana.ucc.nau.edu>).

IBM-PC - Linux OS

Apple ][+ Emulator for Linux (version 0.05)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple2-emu-linux/apple2- emul-v005-linux.tar.gz

ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/Incoming/apple2-emul-v005-linux.tar.gz Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple2-emu-linux/apple2- emul-v004-linux.tar.gz

ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/emulators/apple2-emul-v004- linux.tar.gz

ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/sources/usr.bin/apple2-emul-v004- linux.tar.gz

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple2-emu-linux/apple2- emul-v003g-linux.tar.gz

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/apple2-emul-v002-linux.tar.gz

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple2-emu-linux/apple2- emul-v002-linux.tar.gz

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple2-emu-linux/apple2- emul-v001-linux.tar.gz

ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/Linux/util/emulators/apple2.tar.gz (v0.00 was distributed under the filename: "apple2.tar.gz").

AUTHOR: Alexander Bottema <d91a1bo@meryl.csd.uu.se>; v004 and v005 by Aaron Culliney <chernabog@baldmountain.bbn.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple ][+ Emulator for Linux "is partly written in 386 (AT&T) assembler and partly in C. You can switch diskettes using a diskette database through an intuitive interface. Furthermore, it is possible to trim the speed of the emulator and it runs in full speed (approximately) twice as fast as an standard Apple II+ on a 486DX-50...[It uses] the svgalib's key scancodes. I've also taken the opportunity to implement the undocumented 6502 instructions. I've noticed that at least two games use these undocumented instrucions; Bug Attack and MS Pacman. Currently I have transfered about 40 diskettes to my emulator and all programs/games seem to work" (from a post on "comp.emulators.apple2"). Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: Apple ][+ Emulator for Linux does not come with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs. The missing ROMs are the main Apple ROM ("apple_II.rom") and disk-controller ROM ("slot6.rom") - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple //e by following the instructions in the README file accompanying the archive.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: SVGA lib version 1.2.9 (or later) - tested under 1.2.10. Kernel 1.0 (or later) - tested under 2.0.28. libc 4.4.4 (or later) - tested under 5.2.18. joystick 0.8.0 (or later) for PC Joystick support. flex 2.5.2 (optional for recompiling lex files).

FURTHER REFERENCE: "README" (Text file included in the archive).

ProDOS Emulator (version 0.1)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/prodosemu/prodosemu.v0.1. tar.gz

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/prodosemu.v0.1.tar.gz

AUTHOR: Matthew Ghio <ghio@netcom.com> (based on Randy Frank's 65C02 emulator and I/O code).

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: ProDOS Emulator emulates the ProDOS functions of an Apple //e, using a directory on the Unix system as a simulated drive (Slot 7, Drive 1) - thus eliminating the need for disk-images. Put the ProDOS files (such as BASIC.SYSTEM or SHRINKIT) in the same directory as the emulator; under the emulator the current directory appears as a disk named /UNIX at S7,D1. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: ProDOS Emulator does not come with the necessary Apple //e ROMs. The missing ROM is the main Apple ROM ("apple.rom") - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple //e by following the instructions in the README file accompanying the archive.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIe_rom.zi p

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A; uses current directory as simulated drive.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unknown.

FURTHER REFERENCE: "README" (Text file included in the archive).

XGS (version 0.50)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.50-LinuxX11.tar.gz

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.53-src.tar.gz (beta source code)

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.50-src.tar.gz (source code)

AUTHOR: Joshua M. Thompson <funaho@jurai.org>.

STATUS: Development in progress. Check the mailing list for further information (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs- list" in the body of the letter) or the development mailing list (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs-dev" in the body of the letter).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: XGS emulates a ROM01 or ROM03 Apple IIGS, with the following features: CPU and memory map emulation, graphics modes up to super high resolution, ADB keyboard, clock chip, battery RAM, IWM hardware emulation for Slot 5 & 6 drives, ProDOS block device in Slot 7 and classic Apple ][ sound. Further IIGS features such as Ensoniq sound and GS/OS 6 capacity will be added in future releases.

ROMS: XGS does not come with the necessary ROMs. The emulator requires a copy of the Apple IIGS ROM03 - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple IIGS by following the procedures in the "README" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/xgs.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: 2IMG universal format, from version 0.50. From version 0.50 onwards the previous proprietary image type is no longer supported. The archive includes a utility named "imgconv" to convert disk-images from the previous type into XGS image files.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Linux+X11 (ELF format only).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included in the archive) and "The Official XGS FAQ (version 1.3)".

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgsfaq13.txt

RELATED FILES:

Revival - a 2IMG image utility for Windows 95, by Thomas Fok <thomas@glink.net.hk> (2IMG format not compatible with XGS versions prior to 0.48)

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/revival.htm

"Using .SHK Files on an XGS" - Two-part article on using *.SHK and *.BSC files with XGS, by Bruce E. Fleury <bfleury@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu>.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul.dsk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul2.dsk

IBM-PC - MSDOS OS

HINT: Can?t run Wizardry or any other software which requires the disk- image being write protected? Just set the MSDOS read-only attribute (ATTRIB +r) on the disk-image...

Applemu (Apple Emu)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ibmpc/applemu.zip

AUTHOR: Unknown.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Applemu emulates a 48K Apple ][+, and allows disk- swapping. Disk-images are "saved" to directly on the hard-disk from within the emulator. An option to write protect the disk-image being loaded into either drive is offered. The function keys control disk-swapping routines. Unfortunately, most of the more advanced Apple software requires a 64K machine, and thus will not load on Applemu.

ROMS: Applemu comes with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and is ready for use after decompression. The Apple ROMs are stored in "APPLBIOS.COM".

NOTE: To run Intbasic programs, get the "INTBASIC.COM" file, rename "APPLBIOS.COM" as "FPBASIC.COM", and then rename "INTBASIC.COM" as "APPLBIOS.COM".

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Nibblized Dos Order (NDO - size: 232960 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 cpu with CGA graphics (recommended) - according to the documentation, any PC with "128K memory, DOS 2.0 or greater", although on a 4.77 MHZ 8088 it takes almost a minute to boot a disk.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLE.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

RELATED FILES:

INTBASIC.COM - File containing the Integer Basic language for Apple Emu.

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/apple2/incoming/intbasic.com

ApplePC (version 2.52b)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://users.aol.com/davidells/ApplePC/ApplePC.zip (version 2.52b)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.52.zip Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.50.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.45.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.42.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.40.zip

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/applepc2.40.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.30.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.20.zip

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/emulators/appleII/ApplePC_220.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.13.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.12.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.11.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.10.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.06.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.05.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_2.00.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.90.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.81.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.80.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.70.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.66.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.65.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.60.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_1.50.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/apple2c_1.00.zip

AUTHOR: David Ellsworth <davidells@aol.com> (based on code by Randy Spurlock).

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: ApplePC emulates a 128K Apple //c. From a post by the author on "comp.emulators.apple2": "It is extremely fast, has true 'pixel- perfect' graphics (switchable between mono and colour), a built-in debugger, and disk-swapping." The emulator will work with it's own (non- standard) //c, //e files and Applewin's //e ROM file - to provide additional software compatibility. From v2.00a it also uses Applewin's ][+ ROM to supply an Apple ][+ mode.

ROMS: ApplePC comes with the necessary Apple ROMs, which are supplied in separate files for the //c and //e ROMs.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_II_rom.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_II+_rom.zi p

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIc_rom.zi p

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple_IIe_rom.zi p

ftp://users.aol.com/davidells/ApplePC/Apple.II.plus.ROM.zip

ftp://users.aol.com/davidells/ApplePC/Apple.IIc.ROM.zip

ftp://users.aol.com/davidells/ApplePC/Apple.IIe.ROM.zip

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes); from version 2.05a the emulator also supports Nibblized Dos Order (NDO - size: 232960 bytes); from version 2.40a is also supports ProDOS Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes). It also supports virtual hard-disk volumes in //e emulation mode only.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80386 CPU with VGA graphics.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLE.DOC" (Text file included in the archive). An online version of the documentation is available from:

http://www.ecnet.net/users/mumbv/pages/applepcdoc.html

RELATED FILES:

A2PCText v0.2 - Command-line based program which extracts 40 and 80 column text images from ApplePC's "save state" file.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applepc/ApplePC_to_txt.zi p

sdv2hdv - A small PC utility to remove the 15 byte header from Sim2E .HDVs for use with ApplePC, by Greg Elkin <beermat@cix.compulink.co.uk>.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/sdv2hdv.zip.uue

Bootable hard-drive - Details for creating a bootable virtual hard-drive suggested by Rejean Bazinet:

 1) Use debug in DOS to create the hard-disk file by typing:
    debug harddisk.hdv
    w
    q
    and return to DOS with the harddisk.hdv file of 0 bytes.
 2) Start ApplePC and select 'D' for disk, then 'S' to change to Slot 7, then
    '1' and press TAB to select the file harddisk.hdv.
 3) Press 'Z' to set harddisk emulation to ON, and press 'S' to return to
    Slot 6.
 4) Select a ProDOS master disk-image with SYSUTIL.SYSTEM, and type
    '-sysutil.system'. Select Format a Disk, choose Slot 7 and Drive 1, and
    after the drive is formatted, copy the master ProDOS files to harddisk.hdv.
 5) Return to the ] prompt and type 'PR#7' to test the harddisk.hdv.


Appler

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Bay/3577/appler.html

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Bay/3577/appler.zip

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Bay/3577/aplersrc.zip (Source Code)

AUTHOR: Emil Dochevsky <zajo@geocities.com> & Alexander Patalensky.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Appler emulates a 64K Apple ][. It supports all video modes, a digital joystick (using the number-pad) and two floppy disk drives. Realtime mode can be toggled for faster machines. Other options include an inbuilt debugger, file- and disk-manager, keyboard setup feature and help screens. The RAM state of the emulator can be saved at any time to a disk file.

ROMS: Appler comes with the necessary Apple II ROMs and is ready for use after decompression. The Apple ROMs are stored in "APPLE.ROM" and "FLOPPY.ROM".

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes) and Nibblized Dos Order (NDO - size: 232960 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80386 cpu with 1Mb RAM, EGA graphics, MS-DOS 3.30 (486/33MHz recommended).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLER.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

Apl2Em

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl2e m/apl2em.zip

ftp://sunb.ocs.mq.edu.au/PC/Emulators/apl2em.zip

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ibmpc/apl2em.zip

AUTHOR: Randy Spurlock <randys@gocart.eng.hou.compaq.com>.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apl2Em emulates a 64K Apple][+, but does not allow disk- swapping whilst in use. Disk-images are "saved" to directly on the hard- disk from within the emulator. This means that although Apl2Em can run all of the 64K multi-disk software that Applemu cannot, you can only pre-load two disks (D1 and D2).

ROMS: Apl2Em comes with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and is ready for use after decompression. The Apple ROMs in "APPLE.ROM" and the disk-drive controller ROMs are stored in "DISK.ROM".

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 cpu with CGA graphics (will not display correctly on a monochrome monitor).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLE.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

RELATED FILES:

Appjoy - Modified executable for Apl2Em by Dan Wolfsond <wolfsond@cse.fau.edu>, which replaces the numeric joystick emulation with a PC analog joystick.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl2e m/appjoy.zip

Apl2Em-2 (Apl2Em v2)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl2e m/apl2em-2.zip

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ibmpc/apl2em-2.zip

AUTHOR: Randy Spurlock <randys@gocart.eng.hou.compaq.com>.

STATUS: See Apl2Em-3.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apl2Em-2 emulates a 64K Apple ][+, but does not allow disk-swapping whilst in use. Disk-images are "saved" to directly on the hard-disk from within the emulator. This means that although Apl2Em can run all of the 64K multi-disk software that Applemu cannot, you can only pre- load two disks (D1 and D2).

NOTE: Some people have found a way to "swap" disk-image files whilst the emulator is running by using the multi-tasking abilities of Windows or OS/2. It would be a case of moving the "SYSTEM.DSK" file (or whatever the default DSK name is for D1) out of the A2EM directory and replacing it with a subsequent disk (also titled "SYSTEM.DSK"). A routine to handle disk- swapping under OS/2 is available (see below).

ROMS: Apl2Em-2 does not come with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs. The missing ROMs are the main Apple ROMs ("APPLE.ROM") and disk-drive ROMs ("FLOPPY.ROM") - these ROMs can be copied from your old Apple ][ by following the procedures in the "dumping-ROMs" text file on wilbur. You don't really need the Serial ROMs to use Apl2Em-2 - just edit the "APPLE.INI" file at Slot 1 to read "Type=Empty".

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 cpu with CGA graphics (will not display correctly on a monochrome monitor).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLE.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

RELATED FILES:

Apl2em2f - A routine to handle disk-swapping for Apl2Em-2 under OS/2.

ftp://frmap711.mathp7.jussieu.fr/pub/scratch/rideau/misc/apple2/apl2em2f.zi p

CAPPLE v2.0 - Routines released by Scott Crow <corvus@am.ucsc.edu> which replace the keyboard joystick emulation with a PC analog joystick routine, as well as a speed delay.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl2e m/capple-v2.zip

Lowercase - Activate the full lowercase features of the Apple's character ROM on the ][+ emulator, with a hex editor, APPLE.ROM and the simple instructions in this file! From Rich Williamson <glitch@eskimo.com>.

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/apple2/apl-lower.txt

Apl2Em-3 (Apl2Em v3)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl2e m/apl2em-3.zip

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/apl2em3.zip

AUTHOR: Tew Neal T. <loopy@bert.cs.byu.edu> (based on Apl2Em by Randy Spurlock).

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apl2Em-3 emulates a 64K Apple][+ (see Apl2Em-2 above for details). New items added are: adjustable emulator speed, disk-switching, mixed low resolution and text mode, a fix for low resolution colours, improved high resolution graphics and joystick support.

ROMS: Apl2Em-3 comes with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and is ready for use after decompression. The Apple ROMs are stored in "APPLE.ROM", the disk- drive ROMs in "FLOPPY.ROM" and the serial ROMs in "SERIAL.ROM".

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 cpu with CGA graphics (will not display correctly on a monochrome monitor).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLE.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

Apple ][+ Emulator (version 2.0)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.zipcon.com/~miller/apps/apl6502.zip (v2.0) Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ibmpc/apl6502.zip (v1.0)

AUTHOR: Steven E. Hugg <hugg@pobox.com>; version 2.0 by Jeff Miller <miller@zipcon.net>.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple ][+ Emulator emulates an Apple ][+; with most features except for 80 column display, mouse, printer and digital joystick support. According to the documentation for version 2.0, the emulator runs about 85% of disk-images. Includes source (PASCAL).

ROMS: Apple ][+ Emulator version 2.0 includes the Apple ROMs as part of the executable. Version 1.0 does not include the necessary ROMs. The ROMs required are: Apple ROM ("ROM.DAT") and the disk controller ROM ("DABOOT.DAT").

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes) and proprietary nibble disk-images, created using the "cvtdos.exe" executable (included in the archive).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80386 cpu with EGA graphics.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "6502.TXT" and "6502-2.TXT" (Text files included in the archive).

AppleUni (version 2.79.40)

HOMEPAGE:

http://apple.rum.org/inside.html

http://freenet.buffalo.edu/~ag784/

http://ftsoy.falcon.org/appleuni/AppleUni/ (Mirror)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://apple.rum.org/AppleUni/AppleUni-2.79.40.exe (upgrade executable)

http://apple.rum.org/AppleUni/AppleUni-2.79.40.zip (base package) Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleuni/appleuni- 2.79.30.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleuni/appleuni- 2.79.19.pre-release.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleuni/apluni2.73.zip

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/apluni2.73.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleuni/apluni24.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleuni/apluni21.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleuni/apluni19.zip

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ibmpc/apluni19.zip

AUTHOR: Andrew J. Kroll <ag784@freenet.buffalo.edu> <ajk@ftsoy.falcon.org> (earlier versions based on code by Randy Spurlock).

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: AppleUni emulates an Apple ][+; it supports all Apple video modes except mixed mode with four lines of text below the graphics, has a 32K language card and allows saving to disk-images. Mixed text/graphics and //e emulation with 80 column card are planned for future releases. Hard-drive emulation is supported from version 2.79.

ROMS: Later versions of AppleUni come with the necessary Apple ][+ ROMs and are ready for use after decompression. The ROMs included (or required) are: Apple ROM (IIP.IMG), disk controller ROM (DSK.IMG) and the super serial card ROM (SER.IMG).

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes); from version 2.73 the emulator also supports Nibblized Dos Order (NDO - size: 232960 bytes). From version 2.79 it also support virtual hard-disk volumes.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 8088 cpu with CGA graphics (minimum), EGA or VGA recommended ("the only emulator that will run on an XT, and that fully emulates Apple's Super Serial Card!" - from "APPLEUNI.DOC"). VGA minimum from version 2.79.35.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "APPLEUNI.DOC", "HISTORY.DOC" and "APPLUNI.FAQ" (Text files included with the archive).

Central Point Option Board

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.ece.nwu.edu/~cbachman/apple.html (Information and software for the Option Board)

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, no longer in production.

AUTHOR: Central Point.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: This product is not strictly an emulator, but a hardware card which acts as an addition to the drive controller. Functionally, it allows PC drives to read GCR encoded disks (Mac 800K and Apple ][).

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unknown.

FURTHER REFERENCES: N/A.

RELATED FILES:

IMG2DSK - Small executable which converts Option Board disk-images to the standard emulator format.

http://www.ece.nwu.edu/~cbachman/img2dsk.zip

SimIIe - SimSystem IIe (version 1.0)

AVAILABILITY: Shareware, available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/sim2e.zip

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/IIE4PC.LZH

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ibmpc/simiie.zip


NOTE: SimIIe is Shareware for ten days; registration costs $50 (US) + $6 shipping.

American Research Inc.

2120 Deercreek Rd.

Simi Valley, CA 93065.

AUTHOR: Jim Sproul.

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: SimIIe emulates a 128K Apple //e, using "clean-room" ROMs. It allows disk-swapping and saving to a disk-image - in short, is does just about everything: 80 columns, parallel printer adaptor, FOUR simulated disk-drives (5 1/4, 3 1/2 and ProDOS hard-drives), real joystick routines and more! On the negative side, this emulator is extremely slow on 33mHz computers.

ROMS: N/A (Apple ROMs are not used in this emulator).

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: SimIIe (IIe - size: 143390 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 cpu with CGA graphics, 80486 recommended. SimIIe will not work on 8086, 8088 or V20 microprocessors, and is not compatible with Microsoft Windows (it cannot be run as a DOS task).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "SIMIIE.DOC" (Text file included in the archive).

RELATED FILES:

PATSIM2E - A patched version of the SimIIe executable, for computers which hang after pressing "R" in the configuration screen, giving a black screen.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/patsim2e.zip

SIM2DU10 - Utilities for SimIIe released by Galen C. Hunt <gchunt@cc.dixie.edu>. These include .IIE and .HDV creation programs and a single file transfer utility. Source code included.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/sim2du10.zip

SIMIIE_F - A simple patch to fix hanging at the directory/file select box, by <mpohores@sfu.ca>.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/simiie_f.doc

32MB_HD - A 32Mb virtual hard-disk (.HDV) for SimIIe, containing Apple ProDOS 2.0.3, BASIC.SYSTEM 1.5 and ShrinkIt 3.4, by <beermat@cix.compulink.co.uk>.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/32mb_hd.zip

TrackStar/TrackStar Plus

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, no longer in production.

AUTHOR: Diamond Computer Systems, Inc.

470 Lakeside Drive

Sunnyvale, California 94086.

(408)736-2000 Telephone

(408)730-5750 FAX

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: The TrackStar Plus is an 8-bit ISA card for the PC AT, emulating a a 128K //e. Standard features include a 65C02 microprocessor, with 128K main memory, 40 and 80 column text, and LoRes, HiRes and Double HiRes graphic modes. Four disk-drives and a hard-drive are supported, along with local area networks, and standard serial and parallel ports. The TrackStar can access up to 10Mb of the PC hard-drive, allows the attachment of an Apple floppy drive for complete compatibility with protected software, and has joystick support.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: "TrackStore" (40/80 track images capable of duplicating protected software, file extension *.APP) and virtual hard-disk support (10Mb of the PC hard-drive). The card actually runs original software on 5.25" diskette, although it can be used to create disk-images for use with other emulators.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 CPU with CGA graphics.

FURTHER REFERENCES: N/A.

(The preceding information on the TrackStar was obtained from information sent by Tony Ramos <ramos.15@osu.edu>).

][ in a PC

AVAILABILITY: Commercial product, no longer in production.

AUTHOR: COMPUTER:applications

12813 Lindeley Drive

Raleigh, NC 27614.

STATUS: Development ceased.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: ][ in a PC is a package which emulates an unenhanced Apple //e, including all necessary utility programs for transferring Apple II software bidirectionally between an Apple II and IBM compatible computer. The emulator supports 128K memory, serial and parallel outputs, two 5.25" drives, two 3.5" drives, ProDOS hard-disk, 40/80 column text, full colour HiRes/LoRes graphics, joystick support, and Applesoft compatible BASIC.

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80286 CPU with CGA graphics/Apple ][+ or greater with serial card.

FURTHER REFERENCES: N/A.

(The preceding information on ][ in a PC was obtained from a review compiled by Arthur A. Luna <netcoking@aol.com>).

XGS-DOS (version 0.50r4)

HOMEPAGE:

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/xd0504.zip

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/xd0504.rar

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/xgs/xgs050_Win32.zip

AUTHOR: Joshua M. Thompson <funaho@jurai.org>; DOS version ported and maintained by Gilles Tschopp <gilles.tschopp@icare.ch>.

STATUS: Development in progress. Check the mailing list for further information (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs- list" in the body of the letter) or the development mailing list (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs-dev" in the body of the letter).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: XGS emulates a ROM01 or ROM03 Apple IIGS, with the following features: CPU and memory map emulation, graphics modes up to super high resolution, ADB keyboard, clock chip, battery RAM, IWM hardware emulation for Slot 5 & 6 drives, ProDOS block device in Slot 7 and classic Apple ][ sound. Further IIGS features such as GS/OS 6 capacity will be added in future releases.

ROMS: XGS does not come with the necessary ROMs. The emulator requires a copy of the Apple IIGS ROM03 - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple IIGS by following the procedures in the "README" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/xgs.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: 2IMG universal format, from version 0.50. From version 0.50 onwards the previous proprietary image type is no longer supported. The archive includes a utility named "imgconv" to convert disk-images from the previous type into XGS image files.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 90 MHz Pentium or better, running DOS 5.0, Win95 or OS/2 Warp 3.0 or higher, with 8Mb RAM (for DOS) or 16Mb (Win95/Warp). XGS- DOS will NOT work with 486 systems.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included in the archive) and "The Official XGS FAQ (version 1.3)".

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgsfaq13.txt

RELATED FILES:

An image file for testing XGS-DOS.

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgtest.zip

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgtest.rar

Image Utilities for XGS-DOS v0.48, written by Matthew Conte <itsbroke@ix.netcom.com>.

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.zip (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.rar (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.zip (OS/2 Warp)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.rar (OS/2 Warp)

Revival - a 2IMG image utility for Windows 95, by Thomas Fok <thomas@glink.net.hk> (2IMG format not compatible with XGS versions prior to 0.48)

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/revival.htm

"Using .SHK Files on an XGS" - Two-part article on using *.SHK and *.BSC files with XGS, by Bruce E. Fleury <bfleury@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu>.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul.dsk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul2.dsk

XCHANGE 1.0B2

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/xchange.zip

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/XCHANGE.RAR

XGS (version 0.50)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs050.zip

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.53-src.tar.gz (beta source code)

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.50-src.tar.gz (source code)

AUTHOR: Joshua M. Thompson <funaho@jurai.org>.

STATUS: Development in progress. Check the mailing list for further information (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs- list" in the body of the letter) or the development mailing list (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs-dev" in the body of the letter).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: XGS emulates a ROM01 or ROM03 Apple IIGS, with the following features: CPU and memory map emulation, graphics modes up to super high resolution, ADB keyboard, clock chip, battery RAM, IWM hardware emulation for Slot 5 & 6 drives, ProDOS block device in Slot 7 and classic Apple ][ sound. Further IIGS features such as Ensoniq sound and GS/OS 6 capacity will be added in future releases.

ROMS: XGS does not come with the necessary ROMs. The emulator requires a copy of the Apple IIGS ROM03 - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple IIGS by following the procedures in the "README" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/xgs.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: 2IMG universal format, from version 0.50. From version 0.50 onwards the previous proprietary image type is no longer supported. The archive includes a utility named "imgconv" to convert disk-images from the previous type into XGS image files.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 90 MHz Pentium or better, running Win32 with DirectX.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included in the archive) and "The Official XGS FAQ (version 1.3)".

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgsfaq13.txt

RELATED FILES:

Image Utilities for XGS-DOS v0.48, written by Matthew Conte <itsbroke@ix.netcom.com>.

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.zip (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.rar (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.zip (OS/2 Warp)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.rar (OS/2 Warp)

Revival - a 2IMG image utility for Windows 95, by Thomas Fok <thomas@glink.net.hk> (2IMG format not compatible with XGS versions prior to 0.48)

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/revival.htm

"Using .SHK Files on an XGS" - Two-part article on using *.SHK and *.BSC files with XGS, by Bruce E. Fleury <bfleury@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu>.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul.dsk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul2.dsk

XCHANGE 1.0B2

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/xchange.zip

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/XCHANGE.RAR

IBM-PC - Windows OS

HINT: Can?t run Wizardry or any other software which requires the disk- image being write protected? Just set the MSDOS read-only attribute (ATTRIB +r) on the disk-image...

Apple II Oasis for Windows (version 2.0)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Lakes/4414

AVAILABILITY: Shareware, available for free download from:

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Lakes/4414/apl24win.zip

ftp://ftp.tu-varna.acad.bg/private/TA/apl24win.zip Older versions as below:

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/APL24WIN.ZIP (v1.45)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apple _II_for_win_14.zip (v1.40)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl24 win.zip (v1.30)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl24 wn.zip (v1.30)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/apple_2_for_windows/apl2e m4w.ima.gz (WinImage/DCF file) (v1.20)

NOTE: Apple II Oasis for Windows is Shareware; registration costs $25 (US).

AUTHOR: Teodor Angeloff <apl24win@usa.net> or <ta@ms3.tu-varna.acad.bg>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SCREENSHOTS:

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Lakes/4414/SCRNSHOT.HTM

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple II Oasis for Windows emulates a 128K+ Apple //e, with 65C02 and Z80 microprocessors, an 80-column card, all video modes, Disk II drives and fixed disks, real-time clock, joystick and Apple II mouse, amongst other things. From version 1.45 onwards, the package also includes two Apple II disk utilities - the Apple II Disk Manager and the Apple II Disk Server.

ROMS: Apple II Oasis for Windows comes with the necessary Apple //e ROMs.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: A4W (A4W - size: 143388 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80386 or better running Windows 3.1.

FURTHER REFERENCES: Unknown.

RELATED FILES:

Apple II Disk Manager - An application which performs directory list, copy, move, delete, etc. operations on Apple DOS 3.3 and ProDOS formatted disk- images. This application is included in the emulator archive.

Apple II Disk Server - A remote ProDOS hard-disk in a disk-image file. Included in the emulator archive.

(Thanks to the author for sending a copy of his emulator. - Alex)

AppleWin (version 1.4)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.40.zi p (upgrade executable)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.10.zi p (base package)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.10_sr c.zip (source) Older versions as below:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.30.zi p (upgrade executable)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.20.zi p (upgrade executable)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.12.zi p (upgrade executable)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_95.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.00.zi p

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_1.00_sr c.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_beta2.z ip

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/aplwinb2.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_beta1.z ip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/AppleWin_alpha.z ip

AUTHOR: Michael O'Brien <mobrien@netcom.com>; upgrade executables by Terry Hsu <TERA.bbs@bbs.ee.nthu.edu.tw>.

STATUS: Source code released for public modification.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: AppleWin is a 32-bit Windows program which emulates a "Platinum" model enhanced Apple //e with 128k RAM. It supports all video modes, including double high-res and mixed mode. It plays sound through a sound card (preferred) or the PC speaker. It supports emulating an Apple joystick using the PC keyboard, joystick, or mouse. It allows saving to disk images and on-the-fly swapping of disk images.

There are two versions of AppleWin, both included in the ZIP file:

applew31.exe - Use this version if you are running Windows 3.1 or Windows for Workgroups. You must also install the Win32s 32-bit extensions, which are available from the same FTP site.

applewin.exe - Use this version if you are running Windows 95 or Windows NT.


It is recommended that you switch your video card to 256-color mode for best performance when running AppleWin. If you are having trouble using AppleWin with your video driver, or trouble formatting disks under AppleWin, obtain and install "patch2.zip" which is available from the same FTP site.

If you do not have a joystick driver for Windows, you can obtain "ibmjoy.zip" from the FTP site. Remember to calibrate your joystick using the Windows Control Panel before using it in AppleWin.

By default, AppleWin controls its emulation speed so that it runs exactly as fast as a real Apple //e. If you would like for it to run as fast as possible on your system, click on the Configuration button (on the bottom) and turn off the "control system speed" option.

Versions 1.00 and 1.10 are faster and includes speed control, modem support, and monochrome monitor emulation. Version 1.00 requires Windows 95 or NT (not Win32s). And both now come with source code!

ROMS: AppleWin comes with the necessary Apple ][+ and //e ROMs, stored in "APPLE2.ROM" and "APPLE2E.ROM".

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3, ProDOS and nibblized orders (auto-detecting).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 80486 or better running Windows 95, Windows NT 3.5, or Windows 3.1 (Windows 3.1 requires Win32s).

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README.TXT" (Text file included in the archive). Online help available from within AppleWin.

(Thanks to the author for the description of the emulator appearing above. - Alex)

RELATED FILES:

IBMJOY - Joystick driver which replaces the emulated number-pad joystick.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/Win_IBM_joystick .zip

Replacement patches for Applewin - fixes some video driver/disk formatting problems.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/applewin/Win32s_OS2_fix.z ip

AppleWin speed patch - Undocumented method of speeding up AppleWin, suggested by Bruno Zeitoun <100125.2116@compuserve.com>:

 1) Launch Regedit.exe (under Win95)
 2) Open HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/AppleWin/CurrentVersion/Calibation/CycleGranularity
 3) Modify the value: the higher the value, the faster AppleWin runs...

Birder's Basic

HOMEPAGE:

http://jaybird.simplenet.com/basic.html

AVAILABILITY: Under development.

AUTHOR: South Street Software <jaybird_admin@hotmail.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SCREENSHOTS:

http://jaybird.simplenet.com/images/basic-screen1.gif

http://jaybird.simplenet.com/images/basic-screen2.gif

SHORT DESCRIPTION: From the homepage: Birder's Basic "is an attempt to write an Applesoft emulator under Windows 95 that can run Apple ][+ Applesoft programs...what makes this different than current Apple ][ emulators is that file i/o will be done through Windows 95. All files will be stored on your PC accessible to any other application."

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unknown.

FURTHER REFERENCES: Unknown.

Manzana (version 1.0)

HOMEPAGE:

http://ns.rockbridge.net/personal/talon/Projects.HTM

AVAILABILITY: Under development.

AUTHOR: Matthew Collins <talon@rockbridge.net>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Manzana emulates an Apple //e for Windows 95/NT. From the homepage: "This program is based on GNU source for binary emulation. Unlike the other current freeware/shareware apple emulators, this has many special features. The first feature is the fact that emulated Apple programs will be able to print on the IBM-PC. To do this, it uses the default Windows print driver, and translates the Apple programs' ImageWriter codes. The other main feature is that Manzana will be able to read Apple //e disks. It will still however support the standard "DSK" format. This program is still in a primordial state. Therefore it will take a while before a copy is posted."

ROMS: Unknown.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Unknown.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unknown.

FURTHER REFERENCES: Unknown.

Java

Applelet

HOMEPAGE:

http://pobox.com/~hugg/Applelet.html

AVAILABILITY: N/A - the emulator runs off the homepage as a Java applet.

AUTHOR: Steven Hugg <hugg@pobox.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Applelet emulates an Apple ][+ with a 16K RAM card and two disk-drives. According to the website: "each slot (except for the language card) is a Java object, so expansion will be easy...you'll even be able to plug in stuff while the emulator is running, something you can hardly do with a real Apple!"

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: The applet requires a Pentium-166 with Microsoft's Internet Explorer.

FURTHER REFERENCES: None.

Psion

PsiApple (version 0.1)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.geocities.com/ResearchTriangle/Lab/8089/psiapple.html

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.geocities.com/ResearchTriangle/Lab/8089/psiapple.zip

AUTHOR: Steven Hugg <hugg@pobox.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: PsiApple emulates an Apple ][+ with 64K RAM and two disk-drives. According to the website: "the raw CPU benchmark is about 0.92 MHz on the Series 5, but the average speed is typically 0.4-0.8 MHz".

ROMS: PsiApple comes with the necessary Apple ][+ ROM, stored in "APPLE2.ROM".

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Psion Series 5 PDA.

FURTHER REFERENCES: None.

2.13 Emulator Source Code

6502 Emulation Package (March 28 1997)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.komkon.org/fms/CPUs/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.komkon.org/fms/CPUs/M6502-032897.tar.Z

http://www.komkon.org/fms/CPUs/M6502-032897.zip

AUTHOR: Marat Fayzullin <fms@cs.umd.edu>.

STATUS: N/A.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: This package contains the source for the emulation core of the 6502 CPU. Although not an actual emulator, the 6502 CPU was used in the 8-bit Apple ][ series. See

http://www.komkon.org/fms/CPUs/ for terms of use, as well as other emulator resources such as how to write an emulator.

ROMS: N/A

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: N/A.

FURTHER REFERENCES: N/A.

Apple2

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/apple2.tar.Z

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/emulators/a2shar.Z

AUTHOR: Peter Koch <pkoch@kiss.de>.

STATUS: Development in progress. Contact Peter Koch <pkoch@kiss.de> for more information.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple2 emulates an Apple ][ or ][+ with 64k. Supports disk swapping. Any disk, which is copyable with COPYA or FILER can be used as disk image. Supports 40 column text, 80 column text (videx emulation), lores, hires and mixed modes. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: Apple2 does not come with the necessary ROMs.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unix/X Windows.

FURTHER REFERENCES: There is some documentation in the tar-archive.

RELATED FILES:

Emulating - Discussion by Peter Koch on how he built his emulator.

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/apple2/emulating.txt

(Thanks to the author for the description of the emulator appearing above. - Alex)

Apple2e

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/ap2e.tar.Z (curses code)

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/ap2egl.tar.Z (GL code)

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/emu.disks.tar.Z (Disks)

AUTHOR: Randy Frank <randy@tessa.iaf.uiowa.edu>.

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple2e emulates a 128K Apple //e, with an 80 column card in slot 3 and a combination of cards in slots 5, 6 and 7. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: Apple2e requires ROMs copied from an Enhanced //e ONLY! and a copy of the PRODOS file from a bootable ProDOS disk. These should be binary files named "CDROM" and "PRODOS" respectively.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes). The "aii.docs" text file contains a short program for creating disk-images on the Apple for use with the emulator.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unix.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "aii.docs" (Text file included in the archive), and the "emua2e.docs" text file.

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/emua2e.docs

Apple2Emul

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.pbm.com/skrenta/a2/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.pbm.com/skrenta/a2/a2.tar.gz

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/Apple2Emul.tar.Z

STATUS: Unknown.

AUTHOR: Rich Skrenta <skrenta@pbm.com> and Tom Markson.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple2Emul is an emulator for Unix. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: Unknown.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unix.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "Apple2Emul.readme" and "a2.readme" (Text files included in the archive).

a2

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/a2.tar.Z

AUTHOR: Rich Skrenta <skrenta@pbm.com>; additions by Mat Hostetter <mjhostet@athena.mit.edu>.

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: a2 is an adaptation of Rich Skrenta's emulator code, for NeXT step. Fast hi-res graphics support added by Mat Hostetter using WozView. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: a2 does not include the necessary ROMs. The "SNARF" document contains instructions on how to get a copy of the Apple ROMs.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Unknown (size: 215040 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: NeXT.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" and "NOTES" (Text files included in the archive).

KEGS (Kent's Emulated GS) (version 0.35)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.mtnweb.com/~kentd/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.mtnweb.com/~kentd/kegs.0.35.tar.gz Older versions as below:

http://www.mtnweb.com/~kentd/kegs.0.32b.tar.gz

http://www.mtnweb.com/~kentd/kegs.0.31.tar.gz

http://www.mtnweb.com/~kentd/kegs.0.30.tar.gz

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/kegs.0.30.tar.gz

AUTHOR: Kent Dickey <kentd@mtnweb.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SCREENSHOTS:

http://www.mtnweb.com/~kentd/screenshots.html

SHORT DESCRIPTION: KEGS emulates a 4MB Apple //gs. Excerpted from the "README.kegs" text file: "Fast 65816 emulation (about 6MHz on a 712/80, and 15MHz on a C180). Emulates low-level 5.25" and 3.5" drive accesses (even nibble-copiers work!). Emulates classic Apple II sound and 32-voice Ensoniq sound. All sound is played in 16-bit stereo at 48KHz. Emulates all Apple //gs graphics modes, including border effects. Can handle mixed-displays (superhires at the top, lores at the bottom). Mouse and joystick support (although the joystick is hard to use). Emulates all Apple //gs memory "tricks" for full compatibility. Low-level ADB keyboard and mouse emulation enables Wolfenstein 3D to run. Clock chip emulation makes the Unix time available to the Apple //gs. Emulated battery RAM remembers control panel settings...KEGS is so accurate, even the built-in ROM selftests pass (you must be in 2.5MHz speed mode to pass the self-tests)...KEGS boots s7d1 by default. You can change this using the emulated control panel, just like a real Apple //gs. KEGS emulates a //gs with two 5.25" drives in slot 6, two 3.5" drives in slot 5, and up to 32 "hard drives" in slot 7." The archive contains an executable as well as C source code.

ROMS: KEGS does not include the necessary ROM; it needs to be provided in the form of a file called "ROM" in the KEGS directory. It can be either from a ROM 01 (131072 bytes) or from a ROM 03 machine (262144 bytes).

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/appleIIgs_rom01. zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/GSRom01.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/gsrom03.zip

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: "Raw" format of any size, with no header or compression, including standard DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes). A file named "disk_conf" in the KEGS directory tells the emulator the virtual location of the disk-image.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: HP series 9000/700 workstations. Will not compile on other platforms (Macintosh/PC) or even other Unix versions since the 65816 interpreter is written in PA-RISC assembly code. The C-only version is portable to other machines.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README.kegs" (Text file included with the archive).

RELATED FILES:

to_pro - Utility which "formats" disk images, and moves files from Unix into the simulator. It is included in the KEGS archive.

m65816 (version 1.1)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/m65816-1.1.tar.gz

AUTHOR: Joshua M. Thompson <funaho@jurai.org>.

STATUS: Development in progress.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: m65816 is a portable 65816 CPU emulator developed as part of the XGS project. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: N/A.

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: N/A.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: N/A.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included with the archive).

][+ Simulator

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/II+simulator.tar.Z

AUTHOR: Ben Koning <ben@apple.com>.

STATUS: Unknown (date on readme file: 1989).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: ][+ Simulator emulates a Apple ][+. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: ][+ Simulator does not include the necessary ROMs; they need to be provided in the form of four binary files titled "APPLESOFT.ROM, "AUTOSTART.ROM", "INTEGER.ROM" and "MONITOR.ROM".

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Unix binaries.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Unix machine.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" and "README2" (Text files included with the archive).

XApple2+ (version 1.0)

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/emulator.tar.Z

AUTHOR: Philip J. Stephens <philip@labtam.oz.au>.

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Xapple2+ emulates an Apple ][. The emulator supports disk-image swapping and joystick emulation. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: XApple2+ does not include the necessary Apple and disk-controller ROMs.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: Non-standard. Includes a utility named "convertdisk" to convert disk-images from .dsk and .bin (MacBinary) format to low-level nibblised format.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Medium-performance Sun SparcStation IPX or Sun SparcServer 1000, using a X terminal with 100,000+ XStones of performance.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included in the archive).

XGS (version 0.50)

HOMEPAGE:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs0.5.hpux9.05.tar.gz (HPUX 9.02 binary version)

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.53-src.tar.gz (beta source code)

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgs-0.50-src.tar.gz (source code)

AUTHOR: Joshua M. Thompson <funaho@jurai.org>; HPUX version compiled by Gordon Aplin <gordon@cdc.hp.com>.

STATUS: Development in progress. Check the mailing list for further information (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs- list" in the body of the letter) or the development mailing list (email <majordomo@jurai.org> with the words "subscribe xgs-dev" in the body of the letter).

SHORT DESCRIPTION: XGS emulates a ROM01 or ROM03 Apple IIGS, with the following features: CPU and memory map emulation, graphics modes up to super high resolution, ADB keyboard, clock chip, battery RAM, IWM hardware emulation for Slot 5 & 6 drives, ProDOS block device in Slot 7 and classic Apple ][ sound. Further IIGS features such as Ensoniq sound and GS/OS 6 capacity will be added in future releases.

ROMS: XGS does not come with the necessary ROMs. The emulator requires a copy of the Apple IIGS ROM03 - these ROMs can be copied from your Apple IIGS by following the procedures in the "README" text file included with the package.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/xgs.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: 2IMG universal format, from version 0.50. From version 0.50 onwards the previous proprietary image type is no longer supported. The archive includes a utility named "imgconv" to convert disk-images from the previous type into XGS image files.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 90 MHz Pentium or better, running some sort of Unix operating system, an X server running in 16- or 24-bit color at a resolution of at least 800 x 600 pixels (8-bit support will be available from version 0.20), Unix Sound System (USS) and a USS-supported sound card.

FURTHER REFERENCES: "README" (Text file included in the archive) and "The Official XGS FAQ (version 1.3)".

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgsfaq13.txt

RELATED FILES:

Revival - a 2IMG image utility for Windows 95, by Thomas Fok <thomas@glink.net.hk> (2IMG format not compatible with XGS versions prior to 0.48)

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/revival.htm

"Using .SHK Files on an XGS" - Two-part article on using *.SHK and *.BSC files with XGS, by Bruce E. Fleury <bfleury@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu>.

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul.dsk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Faqs/emul2.dsk

YAE (Yet Another Apple ][ Emulator) (version 0.5)

HOMEPAGE:

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/yae.tar.gz For older versions see 2.14 Old versions of YAE below.

AUTHOR: Doug Kwan <ctkwan@cs.hku.hk>.

STATUS: Beta testing.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: YAE emulates an Apple //e. This is the source code of the basic emulator without the compiler. Because of the work in IIe emulation, the dynamic compiler in this version is disabled. From the author's website: "I have re-written the video emulation of YAE to make use of the MIT-SHM shared memory extention of X11 to produce better graphics. The new video driver is optimized for a typical 32 bit workstation with an 8-bit pseudo colour display. Therefore the new version is *NOT* portable but the above set-up (32-bit CPU, 8-bit display and MIT-SHM) is quite common in the UNIX community and I will also write a generic but slower version later." Requires compiling.

ROMS: Not included.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: "Typical" Unix 32-bit workstation (32-bit CPU, 8-bit display and MIT-SHM).

FURTHER REFERENCES: Unknown.

zaniWok

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/zaniWok.tar.Z

http://www.grin.net/~cturley/gsezine/GS.WorldView/*A2.RARE.EMULATORS/A2.EMU LATOR.EXAMPLES/zaniWok/

AUTHOR: Mat Hostetter <mjhostet@athena.mit.edu>.

STATUS: Unknown.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: zaniWok emulates a 128K Apple //e, with 40/80 columns, all graphics modes, and a lot more. Requires compiling (C source code).

ROMS: zaniWok does not include the necessary ROMs.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes), ProDOS Order (PO), and raw disk-images.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: NeXT.

FURTHER REFERENCES: None.

Old versions of YAE (Yet Another Apple ][ Emulator)

Excerpted from a message from Doug Kwan (thanks for the e-mail! - Alex):

"The name of the emulator is now YAE (Yet another Apple ][ Emulator) though the virtual machine for the XXX platform is still called apple2.XXX. Sources of the basic emulator (w/o the compiler), is now available. The file 'yae.tar.gz' is a compressed tar file containing the source codes."

> From a post by Doug Kwan on "comp.emulators.apple2" (6 Aug 1994):

>**************************************************************************
> YAE is an Apple ][ emulator written especially for RISC based workstations
>running Unix with X. The Sun and SGI versions of YAE have 
>run-time code generators tranlating on-the-fly 6502 machine code
>into SPARC or MIPS RISC machine code respectively. The software is currently
>under development and needs testers. The simple document README.apple2.sparc
>is available through my WWW home page. (See below)
>**************************************************************************
>
>I have just ported the run-time code generator to the MIPS architecture.
>As usual, I would like voluteers to try the new version of YAE for SGI 
>workstations and give me feed back. The new SGI version has been tested
>on an Indigo XS 24, an Indigo XZ 4000 and a Crimson, all running IRIX
>4.0.5. I would appreciate if someone test this on an Indy, a Indigo2
>an Onyx or any other SGI machines other than the ones I tried.
>The compressed binary is available through my home page
>
>       URL 

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/
>
>The non-graphics performance of YAE SGI is satisfactory. On an Indigo XZ 4000,
>(R4000) the effective clock speed is ~ 2.5Mhz whereas that on an Indigo XS 24
>(R3000) is ~ 1.5Mhz. Graphics of YAE still needs improvement. Action games is
>playable on most SGI's but the speed is slower than a real Apple for very
>graphics extensive games. For games with medium graphics workload like 
>Lode-runner or One-on-One. The emulator run at 90% to above 100% of a
>real Apple on an Indigo XZ 4000. YAE SGI also support 16KHz sampling sound
>emulation on most SGI's I've tested.
>
>Since last week, I have been asked by people where to get the necessary ROM
>images and whether I could give them away. If you are not a regular reader of
>comp.emulators.apple2, get and read the FAQ list of comp.emulators.apple2.
>The FAQ list contains all you need to know about ROM images.
>
>Cheers
>
>-Doug

Yet Another Apple ][ Emulator - DEC

HOMEPAGE:

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/d_kwan/apple2.dec.Z

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/apple2.dec.gz

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae.tar.gz (source)

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae_wip.tar.gz (source & compiler)

AUTHOR: Doug Kwan <ctkwan@cs.hku.hk>.

STATUS: Under development.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: DEC version of the emulator.

ROMS: Not included.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: DEC.

FURTHER REFERENCES: The "README.apple2.sparc" document describes non-Sun versions.

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/README.html

Yet Another Apple ][ Emulator - IBM

HOMEPAGE:

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/d_kwan/apple2.ibm.Z

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/apple2.ibm.gz

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae.tar.gz (source)

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae_wip.tar.gz (source & compiler)

AUTHOR: Doug Kwan <ctkwan@cs.hku.hk>.

STATUS: Under development.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: From a posting by the author to comp.emulators.apple2: "I have just uploaded another two binaries for Silicon Graphics workstations and IBM RS6000 workstations (include PowerPC). These files are apple2.mips.gz (40k) and apple2.ibm.gz (21k) respectively. The non-Sun versions do not have a compiler built in but games are very playable with medium fast to very fast workstations. Even with a lot of graphics, the SGI version runs almost native on an R4000 indigo and run faster than a real Apple on an Indigo2 Extreme. The SGI version supports audio."

ROMS: Not included.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: IBM RS6000/PowerPC workstations running AIX 2.3.

FURTHER REFERENCES: The "README.apple2.sparc" document describes non-Sun versions.

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/README.html

Yet Another Apple ][ Emulator - MIPS

HOMEPAGE:

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/d_kwan/apple2.mips.Z

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/apple2.mips.gz

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/apple2.mips.elf.gz

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae.tar.gz (source)

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae_wip.tar.gz (source & compiler)

AUTHOR: Doug Kwan <ctkwan@cs.hku.hk>.

STATUS: Under development.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: From a posting by the author to comp.emulators.apple2: "I have just uploaded another two binaries for Silicon Graphics workstations and IBM RS6000 workstations (include PowerPC). These files are apple2.mips.gz (40k) and apple2.ibm.gz (21k) respectively. The non-Sun versions do not have a compiler built in but games are very playable with medium fast to very fast workstations. Even with a lot of graphics, the SGI version runs almost native on an R4000 indigo and run faster than a real Apple on an Indigo2 Extreme. The SGI version supports audio."

ROMS: Not included.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Silicon Graphics Iris Indigo (R3000/R4000), Crimson, Indigo2, Indigo2 Extreme running Irix 4.0.X.

FURTHER REFERENCES: The "README.apple2.sparc" document describes non-Sun versions.

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/README.html

Yet Another Apple ][ Emulator - SPARC

HOMEPAGE:

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/

AVAILABILITY: Available for free download from:

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/emulators/d_kwan/apple2.sparc.Z

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/apple2.sparc.gz

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae.tar.gz (source)

ftp://quark.netfront.net/pub/YAE/old/yae_wip.tar.gz (source & compiler)

AUTHOR: Doug Kwan <ctkwan@cs.hku.hk>.

STATUS: Under development.

SHORT DESCRIPTION: Apple2.sparc is an emulator still in the testing stage. It translates on-the-fly 6502 machine codes into SPARC equivalents. Only one slot 6 disk-drive is supported, although the emulator can write to the disk-images. Check the README file for further emulator specifications. The Apple ROMs are not provided; they must be copied into two binary files named "APPLE.ROM" and "DISK.ROM". Only the Sun version supports run-time code generation.

ROMS: Not included.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/rom_images/apple.rom

DISK-IMAGE FORMAT: DOS3.3 Order (DO - size: 143360 bytes).

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: Sun SPARC's running SunOS 4.X and Solaris (SunOS 5.X).

FURTHER REFERENCES: The "README.apple2.sparc" document contains basic information on this emulator. The document also describes non-Sun versions.

http://quark.netfront.net:6502/README.html Archive-name: apple2/emulators-faq/part2
URL: http://purl.org/net/Apple2
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Version: 1.3.7

***************************************************************************
*                                                                         *
*                    Apple ][ Emulator Resources Guide                    *
*                              version 1.3.7                              *
*                                                                         *
*                       (c) 1995-1998 Alex Maddison                       *
*                            <alexm@zip.com.au>                           *
*                                                                         *
*               Corrections and constructive criticism welcome.           *
*                                                                         *
* Last updated: April 1998                                                *
*                                                                         *
* Newsgroups: comp.emulators.apple2, alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2, *.answers*
* Posted: First week of each month or on demand.                          *
*                                                                         *
* http://purl.org/net/Apple2                                              *
* ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/emulators-faq/part1   *
* http://www.faqs.org/faqs/apple2/emulators-faq/part1/                    *
* http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/apple2/emulators-faq/part1.html   *
*                                                                         *
***************************************************************************

(An "*" represents new information - new versions do not constitute new information)


Emulator Resources

Emulator & Software Sites

A NOTE ABOUT DISK-IMAGES - Like the Apple ][ ROMs, disk-images are duplicates of copyrighted material; as a result, few FTP sites feel that they can legally maintain copies of such software. However, from a commercial point of view, the majority of said software is no longer for sale (notable exceptions include the Ultima and Infocom series) and most of the companies themselves no longer exist. Basically, the software in it's original format would not be commercially viable EXCEPT to the emulator market, but the Apple ][ community still exists to a greater extent than the C64 and Spectrum platforms (which both possess FTP sites of disk-image software) so the capacity to transfer disk-images BACK to the Apple computer is seen as a possible source of software piracy. Some Apple ][ software has been released into the public domain, is free or Shareware: these include the Eamon adventure series amongst others. Most of this type of software is, however, not in disk-image format and can be found on the Apple II FTP sites below.

Emulator/Disk-Image FTP Sites

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/ (209.24.250.21 or 208.194.156.5) Site Maintainer - Patrick Michael Kane <modus@robot.asimov.net>.

ftp://ftp.applegs.asimov.net/GS/ (24.64.68.157) Site Maintainer - Dave Taylor <taylor@toocool.com>

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/ (131.246.9.95) Site Maintainer - Unknown.

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/games/appleII/ (129.26.8.84) Site Maintainer - Volker Blasius <blasius@gmd.de>.

Apple II FTP Sites

See "Apple II Resources" by Nathan Mates <nathan@visi.com>.

http://www.visi.com/~nathan/a2/#ftpmajor

Apple II WWW Sites

Apple Computer

http://www.apple.com/

Apple II Companies - Page devoted to companies which still support the Apple II community, by Nathan Mates <nathan@visi.com>.

http://www.visi.com/~nathan/a2/com/index.html

COMP.SYS.APPLE2 Frequently Asked Questions - by Nathan Mates <nathan@visi.com>.

http://www.visi.com/~nathan/a2/

Golden Orchard (Apple II CD-ROM) - Primary focus is on the IIgs. "It contains over 600 megabytes of files useful to Apple II owners, including tons of freeware, shareware, utilities, games, graphics, sounds, music, source code, and much more...[it] can be fully accessed on a Mac or Apple IIGS equipped with CD-ROM drive. (Apple IIe owners can access the ProDOS partition only.)" ProDOS and (Mac) HFS partitioned (not PC-compatible). Information and purchase details available from sites below: email: <digisoft@hypermall.com>

http://www-leland.stanford.edu/~jagaroth/digisoft/orchard.html

GS WorldView - Apple IIgs information and software.

http://www.grin.net/~cturley/gsezine/GS.WorldView/

Pete Handel's Apple II Page

http://www.stolaf.edu/people/handel/a2/a2.html

History Pages

http://www.hypermall.com/History/

http://www.laughton.com/Apple/Apple.html

Nova Scotia Apple Users Group - Links to technical information on the Apple II series, Apple II FTP sites and other Apple groups online.

http://www.ccn.cs.dal.ca/Technology/AppleUsersGroup/NSAUG.html

The Treasure Chest Project - the "Reclassification Project of comp.sys.apple2 (Commercial to FreeWare/ShareWare or Public Domain)".

http://www.tals.dis.qut.edu.au/staff/willie/

USoX - The Used Software Exchange is a marketplace for buying and selling used software. Software for a variety of platforms is supported, including the Apple II.

http://www.midwinter.com/usox/

Apple III Sites

To subscribe to the Apple /// mailing list, send e-mail to <listserv@wvnvm.wvnet.edu> with a first line reading "subscribe APPLE3-L YourName". The list address is <apple3-l@wvnvm.wvnet.edu>. To contact the maintainer email <jfritz@wvnvm.wvnet.edu>. Several FAQs exist for the Apple ///: consult the "THE APPLE /// FAQ FILE" by David Ottalini <dave.ottalini@pro-applepi.wap.org> and the "APPLE /// INTERNET FAQ" by Jeff Marraccini <jeff@oak.oakland.edu>, edited by Dave Ottalini <Dave.Ottalini@tcs.wap.org> for further information. Information on the Apple /// is available from the Obsolete Computer Museum, and an Apple /// software archive is located at the following FTP site.

http://www.wap.org/info/techstuff/a3faq.text

http://cpre1.ee.iastate.edu/~ddkilzer/apple3/

http://www.wap.org/info/techstuff/a3inet.html

http://www.ncsc.dni.us/fun/user/tcc/cmuseum/apple3.htm

ftp://names.wvu.edu/pub/apple3/

Usenet Newsgroups

The following Usenet newsgroups are used to discuss Apple II emulation, Apple II computers, or emulators in general.

usenet: comp.emulators.apple2 usenet: alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 (Obsolete) usenet: comp.emulators.announce (Moderated) usenet: comp.emulators.misc usenet: comp.sys.apple2 usenet: comp.binaries.apple2

WWW Sites

There are a growing number of emulator pages specifically or tangentially related to the Apple II computers.

Jonathan Badger's Apple II Home Page

http://geta.life.uiuc.edu/~badger/apple2.html

Chi-Yuan Lin's Apple II Page

http://www.tfrin.gov.tw/D-FI/~cylin/apple2.html

Chris's list of emulators for the PC (including the Apple II)

http://members.aol.com/chrissalo/emu1.htm

Chris, Mark & Terry's Apple II Home Page

http://www.duke-net.com/apple/main.shtml

Emulation.Net - John Stiles's list of emulators for MacOS - Apple II Page

http://emulation.net/apple2/index.html

Marat Fayzullin's [FMS] list of emulators - Apple II and Macintosh Page

http://www.komkon.org/fms/comp/sys/Apple.html#apple2

Arthur Levesque's Apple II Page

http://www.erols.com/backslash/apple2.html

The Pirate's Guild - Dave Morrison's Apple II software download page

http://www.ozemail.com.au/~deth2/a2/

3.3 Miscellaneous Sites

Scott Adams - Adventure series solutions.

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/games/scott-adams/

Adventure Game List - "This page contains my index to all adventure games produced over the years. Of course, no such list can ever be complete for a number of reasons. To begin with, the distinction between what is an adventure and what is not is not clear. It's also not meaningful to list every last adventure game ever written, but only those that actually reached a reasonable audience. What constitutes a "reasonable audience" is, of course, also debatable." Maintained by Hans Persson <unicorn@lysator.liu.se>.

http://www.lysator.liu.se/adventure/

Bilestoad - The Mac Bilestoad Home Page contains information concerning the port of this classic Apple ][ game to the Macintosh, including how to download and purchase a copy.

http://www.continuumsi.com/~marc/bilestoad.html

Brøderbund - The Lode Runner Archive contains links to downloadable Lode Runner software, Frequently Asked Questions and other documentation, hints and links for this classic game.

http://www.med-web.com/~jason/lr/

Castle Wolfenstein - The Castle Wolfenstein 2D Homepage contains information and links for the predecessor to the famous Wolfenstein-3D. The Atari/C64 Castle Wolfenstein site contains an online version of the game manual and other information. The "Official" Castle Smurfenstein Home Page is dedicated to the parody of Castle Wolfenstein, featuring the Smurfs.

http://members.tripod.com/~wolf2d/ (Castle Wolfenstein 2D Homepage)

http://jollyrogers.com/cwhome.html (Atari/C64 Castle Wolfenstein Homepage)

http://evlweb.eecs.uic.edu/aej/smurf.html (The "Official" Castle Smurfenstein Home Page)

Colossal Caves - Rick Adams' homepage for Colossal Cave, by Willie Crowther and Don Woods, contains hints on solving the adventure.

http://www.winternet.com/~radams/adventure/

Donkey Kong - The Classic Donkey Kong Homepage.

http://www.earlham.edu/www/stanlje/dk/

Eamon - Adventure series information, links, and copies of the software.

http://www.lysator.liu.se/eamon/

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/games/appleII/eamon/ usenet: alt.games.eamon

Infocom - An abridged list of Infocom resources including homepages, FTP sites and newsgroups. The Interactive Fiction archive contains adventure series information, solutions, Inform compilers, and new ports.

http://www.csd.uwo.ca/~pete/Infocom/

http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/wsr/Web/IF/homepage.html

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/games/infocom/ usenet: rec.arts.int-fiction usenet: rec.games.int-fiction

Manuals & Documentation - The Classic 8-bit Computer site is dedicated to preserving documents relating to 8-bit computers. The Project 64/128 pages attempt to preserve Commodore 64 related documents in electronic text format. The Project 81 page is dedicated to ZX81 related documents. A number of game manuals are relevant to the Apple II. The Asimov FTP site also contains Apple II documentation.

http://www.madhippy.demon.co.uk/8-bit/ (Classic 8-bit Computers)

http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/pcgeek/proj64.htm (Project 64)

http://ip64.home.ml.org/ (International Project 64)

http://www.hh.schule.de/hhs/mjaap/project.htm (Project 81)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/documentation/

Penguin Software/Polarware - The Official Penguin Software Hysterical Archive, by Mark Pelczarski, contains a history of Penguin Software/Polarware, and freely-downloadable disk-images of the software.

http://www.mcs.net/~pelczars/magic/index.htm

Screenshots - Axel Bauer's Apple ][ Classic Games Page contains screenshots of classic Apple II games. Other pages contain Classic Computers and Computer Cartridge screenshots.

http://jones.netplace.com/apple/welcome.html (The Apple ][ Classic Games Page)

http://www.io.com/~vga2000/computes.htm (Classic Computers & Computer Cartridges)

Sirius Software - A homepage devoted to the adventure game Gruds in Space.

http://www.geocities.com/area51/lair/7268/

Software deprotection tips (by Zelix).

ftp://ftp.stolaf.edu/pub/apple2/apple.tips.txt

Solutions - These are mainly for newer games, but occasional Apple II/C64 games - mostly adventures - are listed. The "Definitive Source Guide to Secret Keys, Easter Eggs and Hidden Messages" compiled by Sam Ismail <dastar@wco.com> contains information about Apple II software.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/documentation/games/apple_II_secret _keys_faq.txt

http://www.gamesdomain.com/ (The Games Domain)

http://www.spoiler.et.ee/ (The Spoiler's Centre)

SPAG - The Society for the Preservation of Adventure Games is an e-mail zine dedicated to (mainly) text adventures. Apple II and compatible format games are listed/reviewed.

http://www.afn.org/~afn55673/spag.html

ftp://ftp.gmd.de/if-archive/magazines/SPAG/ (back issues)

SSI - Strategic Simulations, Inc. strategy series site by Evin <evin@concentric.net>.

http://www.concentric.net/~evin/ssi/

Ultima - Non-official Ultima homepages, walkthroughs, maps, and cracks. The "Commodore 64 and Apple 2 Ultima FAQ" by Steven Downer <Bladez@ix.netcom.com> contains information specific to the Apple II series of games.

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/documentation/games/ultima_faq.txt

http://www.origin.ea.com/ultima/home.html

http://www.scott.net/~rgregg/ultima/collectibles/ (The Collectible ULTIMA)

http://www.gameworlds.com/woo/ (Worlds of Origin)

http://www.cyberenet.net/~redjr/ (The World of Ultima)

ftp://ftp.udic.org/pub/ud/ usenet: alt.games.ultima

Ultima III - Site concerning the port of this classic Apple ][ game to the Macintosh; download the Shareware version, read Frequently Asked Questions, view screenshots and more...

http://www.swcp.com/~beastie/ultima3.html

UDIC - The Ultima Dragons Internet Chapter is a social club whose members share the common interest of the Ultima series.

http://www.udic.org/

ftp://ftp.udic.org/pub/ud/ usenet: alt.games.ultima.dragons usenet: rec.games.computer.ultima-dragons

Videogames - Read the "Coin-Ops-A-Poppin' Killer List of Video Games" and see where some of those Apple games came from (and where some of them went!) The "Giant List of Classic Game Programmers" and Halcyon Days sites also features historical information on the development of video and computer games.

ftp://www.spies.com/arcade/info/CoinOp.zip

http://www.dadgum.com/giantlist.html

http://www.dadgum.com/halcyon.html

Wasteland - The Ranger Center homepage contains the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) file for this outstanding RPG.

http://www.cris.com/~chbaer/ranger.shtml

http://bsc.edu/~bassaf/hqgrid/

http://www.cris.com/~chbaer/wasteland.txt (FAQ English version)

http://www.cris.com/~chbaer/deutsch_wasteland.txt (FAQ German version)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/documentation/games/wasteland/

http://www.cris.com/~chbaer/stm.html (Tips for running Wasteland with STM)


Compression Techniques

HINT: Want to decompress Apple II "*.shk" archives on a PC or Mac and don?t have the software? Just import the archive into a disk-image (see in "ADDING/REMOVING FILES" in Chapter 7), run your favourite emulator and use ShrinkIt!

The list of extensions below will indicate what format the compression or translation is; from there refer to the "compression" document for cross- platform applications or executables. For Apple ][ compression formats (which are not covered here) check Section 5 in Part 3 of "The Apple II Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)".

ftp://ftp.cso.uiuc.edu/doc/pcnet/compression (128.174.5.61)

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part3

  .arc       Arc (Amiga/Atari) - transfer as a binary file ['DArj'/'TEXT']
  .arj       Arj (PC) - transfer as a binary file ['arc@'/'TEXT']
* .bin       BinHex 5.0/MacBinary (Mac) - binary file ['BnHq'/'TEXT']
* .bsc       Binscii (Apple ][) - transfer as a text file
  .cpt       Compact Pro (Mac) - transfer as a binary file ['CPCT'/'PACT']
# .dsz       GNU Zip (Unix) - rename to ".gz" before decompressing
# .gz        GNU Zip (Unix) - transfer as a binary file ['Gzip'/'Gzip']
* .hqx       BinHex 4.0 (Mac) - transfer as a text file ['BNHQ'/'TEXT']
  .lha       LHA (Amiga/PC) - transfer as a binary file ['LARC'/'LHA ']
  .lzh       LHA (Amiga/PC) - transfer as a binary file ['LARC'/'LARC']
$ .shk/sdk   ShrinkIt archive (Apple2 format containing files/disk-image)
  .sit       StuffIt Lite/Deluxe (Mac) - binary file ['SIT!'/'SITD']
  .tar       TAR/Tape ARchive (Unix) - binary file ['TAR '/'TARF']
* .uue       Uuencode/Uudecode (PC/Unix) - text file ['JeFF'/'TEXT']
# .Z         Compress (Unix) - transfer as a binary file ['LZIV'/'ZIVU']
  .zip       PK Zip (PC) - transfer as a binary file ['ZIP '/'pZIP']
  .zoo       Zoo (Amiga/PC) - transfer as a binary file ['Booz'/'ZOO ']

[Square brackets] denote Macintosh file creator/type information .

  • These formats are translators; uuencoding (*.uue) and binhexing (*.hqx) are used to convert binary files into text files so that they can be posted to a binary newsgroup or e-mailed. Binscii (*.bsc) is a similar process for the Apple ][; use "Shrink II" on the Macintosh (see below). The BinHex 5.0 format (*.bin) is Macintosh-specific; it is used to append the file/type creator information to the file in the first 128 bytes. Although emulators such as AppleWin can read disks with the MacBinary header, for compatibility with other emulators it is often better to remove the header. On the PC, use "bin2dsk" or "mactopc".

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/Bin2dsk.zip

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/apple2/incoming/mactopc.exe

  1. These formats are single-file compressors - the other compressors on the list compress AND archive. Consequently, *.Z and *.gz are often used in conjunction with other archivers, primarily Tar (*.tar), resulting in the following: "filename.tar.gz" or "filename.tar.Z". Usually easier to remove on a Unix platform prior to download (use "uncompress" or "gzip" to extract).

$ Okay, so I said I wasn't going to cover Apple ][ formats... Use "Nulib" by Andy McFadden <fadden@uts.amdahl.com> for the PC or Unix to extract shrunk disk-images (usually shown by *.SDK rather than *.SHK) or files from this type of archive. For Macintosh users, EGO Systems provide a commercial product called "Shrink II" which can create/extract NuFX/ShrinkIt archives and other Apple ][ formats. Cost: US$39.95, from EGO Systems, 7918 Cove Ridge Rd., Hixson, TN 37343. Phone: 1-800-662-3634. Additionally, Matthew Russotto <russotto@pond.com> compiled "A2dearc", a Macintosh dearchiver for *.SHK, *.QQ and *.HQX files.

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/nulib324.zip (PC compile version 3.24)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/nulib.zip (PC compile version 3.03)

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/ARCHIVERS/nulib324.tar.Z (Unix source)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/A2dearc.gz

http://www.hypermall.com/ego (EGO Systems product information & ordering)

IMPORTANT NOTE: Where a filename possesses two or more extensions (eg. "filename.tar.gz" or "filename.sit.hqx") ALWAYS download the file according to the LAST extension (ie. if the last extension is .uue then it is safe to download it as text). If in doubt, download it as a BINARY file. When processing, start at the LAST extension and work inwards. Remember, if using a PC, it is only possible to have one extension visible in the filename at a time.

To find out more about compression in detail, try the "comp.compression.faq".

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/compression_faq/part1

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/compression_faq/part2

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/compression_faq/part3


Creating/extracting disk-images

Eager PC-owners have no doubt turned quickly to this section to learn how to read Apple ][ disks in their 5.25" drives... Well, you can't. Basically, PC drives and Apple drives use different encoding techniques. Check out Section 5.10 in Part 3 of "The Apple II Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)" guide for more information. But don't panic! Follow this easy two step guide to creating disk-images, and transferring them to the required computer. The following steps apply only to standard DOS, ProDOS and compatible disks (those that can be copied by "Copya"). More detailed instructions are usually given in the archive packages. To transfer ROMs or text files (or indeed any file from an Apple ][), just substitute those files in place of the disk-images in the following examples.

These instructions are primarily intended for creating disk-images of 5.25" diskettes (usually software for 8-bit Apples). With the advent of IIgs emulators, it has become necessary to transfer 800K ProDOS disks. Once again, although these disks are the same media as 720K DOS disks, they are not compatible with PC disk drives. The easiest method to create an 800K disk-image for IIgs emulators on non-Macintosh platforms is to use a Macintosh (which read 800K ProDOS disks as standard) and make a DiskCopy image. This image can then be converted for use with XGS on non-Macintosh platforms (see the 2IMG disk-image format below).

Creating Disk-Images

There are several methods of creating disk-images, depending upon either personal preference or (more likely) the Apple ][ hardware you have available. The minimum required is an Apple ][ with at least two 5.25" disk drives and a serial card (preferably capable of running ProDOS). It is possible to read an image from a 5.25" drive and transfer it at the same time (if you only have one 5.25" drive, for example). This is covered in 5.2.1, in which case you may skip 5.1.

The options for creating a disk-image are broken up as follows:

Creating segmented disk-images - (if you only have two 5.25" drives) and creating whole disk-images (if you have a storage device larger than 141K, such as a hard-drive or 800K drive), lastly creating shrunk disk-images (similar to 5.1.1 but requires extraction software)

Creating segmented disk-images

The largest obstacle to creating a disk-image is storing the resulting file prior to transfer. Unless you own a 3.5" drive, hard-drive or have enough RAM on your Apple to store the file, then segmenting the disk-image will permit its storage over multiple volumes. This is useful, for example, in reading a 5.25" disk in Slot 6 Drive 1 and storing it in two (or more) parts on disks in Slot 6 Drive 2. "DSK2FILE v5.0" by Ron Kneusel <rkneusel@post.its.mcw.edu> offers segmentation as an option. It will automatically prompt for a ProDOS pathname and filename prior to start and halfway through the operation, thus creating two files. The "CHOP" application (for MSDOS and Macintosh, C source code for Unix) by the same author can be used to reassemble the disk-image on other platforms. Alternatively, "Diskread" by Damon J. Rand <D.Rand@cantva.canterbury.ac.nu>, is a DOS 3.3 BASIC application which allows the user to specify start and end tracks for segmentation (useful for varying the size of output files). Similarly, the DOS 3.3 program "Diskdump" by David A. Curran <curran@titan.ucs.umass.edu> will segment a DOS 3.3 disk into eight binary files over two disks. The resulting files from both programs can be rejoined by using the "copy" command under MSDOS or concatenated by any usual method for binary files on any platform (check the documentation for further details).

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/DSK2FILE50.SHK

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/4.0/chop40.c (Source)

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/4.0/chop40.cpt.hqx (Mac executable)

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/4.0/chop40.zip (PC executable)

http://keaggy.intmed.mcw.edu/dsk2file.html (WWW access to FTP site)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/diskread.bsc

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/DISKREAD.SHK

ftp://ftp.uu.net/systems/apple2/unix/diskdump.aaf.Z

Creating whole disk-images

If your Apple system has enough RAM, a 3.5" drive, Appleshare volume or hard-disk, then you can store a disk-image in its entirety prior to transfer. The versatile "DSK2FILE v5.0" by Ron Kneusel <rkneusel@post.its.mcw.edu> can be used to create whole DOS or ProDOS order disk-images. "Image" by Randy Shackelford <shack@crash.cts.com> is a faster ProDOS program which creates DOS order disk-images only. "RTRK" by Andrew Kingdom <agk@ausom.oz.au> will write disk-images from 5.25" disks to larger volumes. "Asimov" by Jesse Blue <ug0a@rzstud.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de> is an Apple IIgs application which can create DOS and ProDOS order disk-images. Central Point's "Copy II+ 7.1" also allows the creation of a proprietary disk-image format (this can be converted into a standard disk-image on the Macintosh using "Image Converter" by Lazarus I. Long).

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/DSK2FILE50.SHK

http://keaggy.intmed.mcw.edu/dsk2file.html (WWW access to FTP site)

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/IMAGE.SHK

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/rtrk.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/images/utility/disk_utils/asimov12. convertor.shk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/asimov12.bsq

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/images/utility/disk_utils/copy_ii+_ v7.1.do.gz

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ic.sit

Creating shrunk disk-images

"Shrunk" disk-images were not originally intended for use with emulators, being a type of NuFX archive created by ShrinkIt. As opposed to a standard .SHK file which usually contains files, an .SDK file contains a whole compressed disk (for archival or transfer purposes). This can be extracted to a disk-image under MSDOS or Unix using "Nulib" by Andy McFadden <fadden@uts.amdahl.com> - and as such, is a better method than creating a standard disk-image, since the .SDK file is compressed for faster transfer. "Nulib" outputs a ProDOS order disk- image. Although any version of ShrinkIt can create shrunk disk archives, it is preferable to use ShrinkIt 3.0 and above (hence using a 128K //e, //c or IIGS) since earlier versions (such as IIPLUS Shrinkit) don't prompt for a disk-image title within the archive. Without a title, "Nulib" cannot extract the (nameless) image from the .SDK archive.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/nulib324.zip (PC compile version 3.24)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/nulib.zip (PC compile version 3.03)

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/ARCHIVERS/nulib324.tar.Z (source code)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/shrinkit34.sdk

Transferring Disk-Images

Creating and sending disk-images 'on the fly'

In order to bypass the problems with storing disk-images on the Apple, it is possible to simultaneously create and send images via null-modem cable to a Macintosh, PC, Amiga etc. This requires a serial card and at least one 5.25" drive on the Apple. This process is intended for older Apples (those with actual serial CARDS rather than PORTS). "Apple Disk Transfer v1.21" by Paul Guertin <guertinp@iro.umontreal.ca> is a comprehensive package with MSDOS and Apple ][ (DOS 3.3) executables to simplify transfer. "MacADT v121" by Hideki Naito <pbc03243@niftyserve.or.jp> gives a Macintosh interface for ADT. "][2Mac v1.1.1" by Adam van Gaalen <vangaalen@caiw.nl> is another Macintosh/DOS 3.3 or CHE-DOS 3.4 package for transferring complete disk- images. Another similar transfer program is "Senddisk" by Rich Williamson <glitch@eskimo.com>, which also has a DOS 3.3 and MSDOS executable. "A2PCTR v1.1" by Nye Liu <nyet@halycon.com> transfers a disk-image as a hex dump to the MSDOS platform. The "Apple II Disk Transfer Utility PRO v2.0.6" by Ronald W.H. Mak and Alan W.L. Siu is an integrated Apple II/MSDOS package written in assembly. For further details consult the instructions included with the relevant package.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/adt121.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/MacADT.sit.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/macadt121.sit.hqx

http://www.caiw.nl/~adam/downloadable/II2Mac.sea.hqx (v1.1.1)

ftp://ftp.unsw.edu.au/pub/mac/emulators/apple/apple-ii-emulators/apple-ii- to-mac-105.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/senddisk.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/a2pctr11.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/appleibm/apibm206.arj

Sending disk-images by modem/null-modem cable

With your disk- image(s) created in Step One, there are several methods which can be used to move them to your Macintosh, PC or Amiga. Using the serial card or port on the Apple and a telecommunications package (see Section 5.6 in Part 3 of "The Apple II Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)" guide for Apple comm programs) send the image via null-modem cable to another computer, or via modem to an Internet account, BBS, etc. The Apple //e and IIGS can be networked to a Macintosh, allowing easy transferral of disk-images from the Apple to a network volume. The "][ in a Mac" emulator by COMPUTER:applications, Inc. also possesses the ability to create ProDOS order disk-images via a null-modem cable.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part3

ftp://wilbur.stanford.edu/pub/apple2/][inamac.txt

Transferring via disk to compatible drives

As mentioned earlier, the standard PC 5.25" drive cannot read Apple ][ disks. However, all Macintosh computers can read, write and format 3.5" ProDOS disks - with the "ProDOS File System" extension, System 7.5 (with standard DOS-mounting software) or Apple File Exchange installed. Since Macintosh Superdrives can also read PC 3.5" floppies, disk-images can by easily transferred to MSDOS computers. Alternatively, use a Macintosh LC which has the IIE card attached. Place your 5.25" disk into the attached external drive and use the "DSK2FILE" program under the emulator, specifying either the Macintosh hard-drive, RAM, or the 3.5" floppy as the path. From there, take the ProDOS 800K disk and insert it into the internal Macintosh drive. For Apple //e, //c, IIGS compatibility with 3.5" drives and Macintosh 880K disks, check Q#37-45 in Part 2 of "COMP.SYS.APPLE2 - Frequently Asked Questions". Amiga owners with an Amiga 1020 5.25" disk-drive (or equivalent) can use "Disk2File" by Ron Menelli <menelli@uiuc.edu> to read unprotected Apple 5.25" disks and create a standard disk-image. A 40 track drive is recommended, although 80 track drives are supported. There MAY be problems with drive-speed reading Apple ][ disks; this can be adjusted following instructions appearing in the "1541.doc" file ("1541" allows Amiga 5.25" drives to read C64 disks). "Disk2File" is included as part of the "Apple2000" emulator package for the Amiga.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.com/software/aii/lc.iiecard/iie-startup-disk-image.hqx (the "ProDOS File System" is part of the disk-image - use Disk Copy to extract).

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/DSK2FILE50.SHK

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part3

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/amiga/Apple2000v13.lha (contains "Disk2File")

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/amiga/aminet/misc/emu/1541.lha

Miscellaneous

If you don't have a serial card on your Apple, try "Ap2222PC" by Clay Chang. This DOS 3.3 program will transfer disk and sequential text files between the PC and Apple using the Apple game I/O port, one 5.25" drive and the PC parallel port (use 48K DOS only!). Alternatively, "Apl2serial" by Warren Toomey <wkt@csadfa.cs.adfa.oz.au> contains details on connecting an Apple's cassette port output to a PC via RS232 cable, as well as binary executables for creation/transfer. Or, use "SoundReader" by Mike Kienenberger <SXMLK@ACAD3.ALASKA.EDU>, which transmits binary data from an Apple to a NeXT via the audio ports on the respective machines.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

http://www.tfrin.gov.tw/D-FI/~cylin/ap2222pc.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ap2222pc.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/apl2serial.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/SoundReader.tar.gz

NOTE: It is a great deal easier to transfer disk-images from the Macintosh or Amiga to the PC (via 720K or 1.44Mb DOS disks) than it is from the Apple ][ straight to the PC (although there are hardware boards to connect Apple 5.25" drives to the PC, they are rare). On the Macintosh, use either PC Exchange software (which allows PC 720K and 1.44Mb disks to be inserted into Mac HD disk-drives), Apple File Exchange, or System 7.5 (with standard DOS-mounting software). On the PC, use Macsee or Mac-Ette (both Shareware) or Macindos, which all read 1.44Mb Macintosh disks. On the Amiga, use Dos2Dos (KS 1.2/1.3) or CrossDOS ([inbuilt]] KS/WB2.1) to read 720K DOS disks in the Amiga 3.5" drive. NOTE: Macintosh 400/800K disks are NOT compatible with either Amiga or PC drives. Always ensure Binary/Data translation rather than MacBinary!

Making Copy-Protected Disk-Images

Super Saltine's Transcopy (SST) - A complete package for the expert disk- image creator! The "Sst.readme" file contains the necessary instructions (which are too detailed to repeat here). SST may not work on some computers; a suggested fix from Bob Colbert <rcolbert@oasis.novia.net> follows:

1) Boot the Dos 3.3 floppy with SST on it and get to the ] prompt 2) Type: CALL -151 3) Type: BLOAD SST 4) Type: 1F4E:EA 5) Type: BSAVE SST, A$B00, L$5500

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/images/utility/disk_utils/saltines_ super_transcopy/

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/sst.zip (archive of package)

Extracting Disk-Images

It is possible to convert a disk-image BACK to an Apple ][ 5.25" disk. "UnImage v0.1" by Ivan Drucker <drucker@lclark.edu> will convert disk- images back to disks. One of the options of "DSK2FILE v5.0" by Ron Kneusel <rkneusel@post.its.mcw.edu> is to write an image file back to 5.25" floppy. Alternatively, "DeImage v0.1" by Ivan Drucker extracts Applesoft and Binary files from disk-images into ProDOS, although the process will only work with standard DOS3.3 disks (ie. disks possessing a catalog). Finally, "UnForkIt v0.1" also by Ivan Drucker converts forked files on ProDOS volumes to one or two unforked files. These utilities all require the disk- image to be on a mounted ProDOS volume. "Apple Disk Transfer 1.21" by Paul Guertin <guertinp@iro.umontreal.ca> can transfer a disk-image from MSDOS or Macintosh to a 5.25" Apple drive via null-modem cable. Finally, it is possible to create a "shrunk" disk-image in reverse. Having reordered the disk-image into ProDOS Order (if necessary), use "Nulib" (version 3.2 or greater is required) to create a shrunk-disk (.sdk) archive. Transfer the file back to the Apple and use ShrinkIt to decompress the image back to a diskette.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/deimage0.1.shk

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/apple2/umich.edu/uploads/deimage0.1.shk

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/apple2/dsk2file/DSK2FILE50.SHK

http://keaggy.intmed.mcw.edu/dsk2file.html (WWW access to FTP site)

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/apple2/umich.edu/uploads/unforkit0.1.shk

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/unimage0.1.shk

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/apple2/umich.edu/uploads/unimage0.1.shk

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/adt121.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/MacADT.sit.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/macadt121.sit.hqx

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/nulib324.zip (PC compile version 3.24)

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/ARCHIVERS/nulib324.tar.Z (source code)



.,;end Of phile;,.


Phone: (0412) 992 610 Address: PO Box 6399 Email: Remove leng from my address to reply North Sydney Shoppingworld ICQ  : 514367@pager.mirabilis.com NSW. Australia. 2060 Read the Apple II Emulator Resources Guide!

http://purl.org/net/Apple2 Archive-name: apple2/emulators-faq/part3 URL: http://purl.org/net/Apple2 Posting-Frequency: monthly Version: 1.3.7 Part: 1/4

***************************************************************************
*                                                                         *
*                    Apple ][ Emulator Resources Guide                    *
*                              version 1.3.7                              *
*                                                                         *
*                       (c) 1995-1998 Alex Maddison                       *
*                            <alexm@zip.com.au>                           *
*                                                                         *
*               Corrections and constructive criticism welcome.           *
*                                                                         *
* Last updated: April 1998                                                *
*                                                                         *
* Newsgroups: comp.emulators.apple2, alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2, *.answers*
* Posted: First week of each month or on demand.                          *
*                                                                         *
* http://purl.org/net/Apple2                                              *
* ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/emulators-faq/part1   *
* http://www.faqs.org/faqs/apple2/emulators-faq/part1/                    *
* http://www.cs.ruu.nl/wais/html/na-dir/apple2/emulators-faq/part1.html   *
*                                                                         *
***************************************************************************

Disk-Image Formats & Conversion

Emulator Disk-Images

There are four main types of cross-platform disk-images. The most common types - DO and PO (*.DSK), Nibble (*.NIB) and 2IMG (*.2MG) - will be found on emulator FTP sites. The first three types are primarily intended for transferring 8-bit Apple software on 5.25" disk. The IIgs emulator XGS uses the 2IMG universal format (which may be easily converted to/from 800K DiskCopy images). The other types are proprietary formats required by a specific emulator, or created by a certain method of conversion. Since these types are unlikely to be found on FTP sites, they are included for completeness. In these cases, more information on the proprietary types can be found in the documentation of the specific emulator package they are designed for. There are a couple of disk-image types which have not been listed here - these are generally "raw" disk-image formats as noted in Section 2 - and these types are not capable of conversion into standard disk-images. "Raw" disk-images of 5.25" disks will generally be 200-220K in size.

THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS APPLY TO UNCOMPRESSED DISK-IMAGE FILES ONLY!

Disk-images with extensions such as *.gz, *.Z or *.zip are in compressed format and must be extracted by the appropriate program prior to use. Disk- images CAN be copied between platforms and they WILL work with a variety of emulators. If in doubt ALWAYS ensure BINARY translation between platforms!

DOS3.3 Order

File Extension (DO/*.DSK) - This image is 143360 bytes in size (143488 with MacBinary header). It usually has the *.DSK extension, but may also be found with the *.DO extension as well. As suggested by the title, data is stored track by track and sector by sector (Track 0, Sector 0 -> Track 22, Sector 15) for a standard 1:1 copy of a 35 track, 16 sector DOS 3.3 disk (256 bytes per sector). This is the most widely-used disk-image format for 8-bit emulators, and is easily translated into other formats. This format is incapable of storing copy-protected software unless it has been "cracked" first. A basic guide to determining what type is software may be stored in a DO image is whether it can be first duplicated on an Apple with standard copy utilities such as "copya".

On the MACINTOSH - Unlike the PC, which determines file-types by the extension, the Macintosh adds a "resource header" to all files containing file type and creator information (creating a "forked" file). Files stored on Internet FTP sites, or transferred from a Unix or PC platform, will generally not contain this resource header. As such, the disk-image will not appear as a file usuable by any of the Macintosh emulators. It is a (relatively) simple case to change the File Type and File Creator information to "register" the disk-images to belong to a certain emulator. The relevant disk-image File Type and Creator information is displayed in the reviews of each Macintosh emulator in Section 2. For example, to use this format with Stop The Madness, ensure that the file is downloaded or transferred in binary - not Macbinary - mode (and is 143360 bytes). STM will *NOT* recognize the disk-image unless it has the correct file type/creator, even if it is of the correct size and is a binary file. Set the file type to 'DSK5' and the creator to 'A2EM' using ResEdit, UUlite, etc. Alternatively "Drop?Disk" is a drag-and-drop application which automatically converts the file type and creator of disk-images for use with STM. For the other Macintosh emulators, a useful utility to bulk- change resource information is the "Snitch" extension by Mitch Jones <mjones@netcom.com>, which adds resource functionality to the Finder's "Get Info" window. Simply select a number of disk-image files, do a simultaneous "Get Info" command and change the active window's resource information. Then select "Change All" from Snitch's menu.

There are a number of utilities for the Macintosh which modify to and from ProDOS Order disk-images: "Easy.STM Convert.1.0" by Jim Surine <xevious@holonet.net>, "Aconv v1.0" by Dan Bornstein and "Converter" will reorder PO disk-image sectors into the DO type used by STM. To re-order the sectors into ProDOS order, use "DOS Order Converter" by Rene Gaudet <reneg@cpqhou.compaq.com> or "ProDOS-Order Converter" (the "mapper" algorithm automatically reorders between the two formats).

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.wustl.edu/systems/mac/info-mac/cfg/snitch-251.hqx

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/converter.hqx

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/easy.convert.1.0.sea.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/do2po_v0.1.sit.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/Po_to_Do.gz

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ProDOSOrderConv.sit.bin

On the PC - The PC simply determines file-type by extension (although the emulators themselves may do some checking with regard to correct file size). To use this format with all of the PC emulators, ensure that the file is downloaded or transferred in binary mode (and is 143360 bytes) and that it has an eight character filename and *.DSK extension. The current version of Apl2Em requires that the D1 and D2 disk-images have default names (usually SYSTEM.DSK and BLANK.DSK respectively), so you will have to rename your disk-image files to use them. Applewin can actually read *.DSK files of 143488 bytes (MacBinary files with the *BIN extension) but for compatibility with other emulators it is better to translate the files correctly prior to use - see Section 4. No other form of conversion is necessary.

ProDOS Order

File Extension (PO/*.DSK) - This image is 143360 bytes in size (143488 with MacBinary header). It usually has the *.DSK extension, but may also be found with the *.PO extension as well. This disk-image stores data in block rather than track/sector format (block 0, block 1 -> block 279) - the difference in the structure is due to ProDOS interleaving data in blocks (which equal two DOS sectors). Although newer emulators are capable of distinguishing between DO and PO (and thus using both) older emulators strictly require the DO type despite the identical size. ProDOS Order images are still useful since they are capable of being converted back into SDK images by "Nulib" (which are compatible with ShrinkIt on the Apple). DO images are not capable of this. PO is an older disk-image format (used more widely with Unix emulators, since ShrinkIt archives extracted by "Nulib" produce PO images). Like DO, this format is incapable of storing copy- protected software unless it has been "cracked" first. A basic guide to determining what type is software may be stored in a PO image is whether it can be first duplicated on an Apple with standard copy utilities such as "copya".

On the MACINTOSH - The file must be downloaded in binary mode. None of the Macintosh emulators really use the PO format, except for "][ In a Mac", which uses images of non-standard size. To use this format with "][ In a Mac", drop a DO or Copy II+ 7.1 image file onto "Image Converter" by Lazarus I. Long and select the required format; output images will have the correct resource information. The application "Easy Convert" will re-order the sectors of a PO disk-image into DOS3.3 Order, and will automatically set the file type/creator attributes upon output to 'DSK5'/'A2EM' for use with STM. Alternatively, use "ProDOS-Order Converter".

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ic.sit

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/easy.convert.1.0.sea.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/Po_to_Do.gz

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ProDOSOrderConv.sit.bin

On the PC - No emulators on the PC require PO images (although newer emulators such as AppleWin support them). Use "Mapper" by Rene Gaudet <reneg@cpqhou.compaq.com> to convert DO to PO and vice versa.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/mapper.zip

Nibble DOS3.3 Order

File Extension (NDO/*.NIB) - This image is 232960 bytes in size, and it usually has the *.NIB extension. According to the original "Apple2 Emulation Frequently Asked Questions" guide, "every three bytes of data have been 'bit twiddled' into four bytes, and each sector has an 'address field' that has the track and sector numbers." The format was originally used solely in the "ApplEmu" emulator before becoming widely used to store copy-protected software. The conversion utilities listed below are solely for use with "ApplEmu" images containing standard software! NDO images rely on the extra space to store non-standard track information which would otherwise be lost in a DO or PO image. With newer emulators such as AppleWin and ApplePC, NDO can be used to store copy-protected or non- standard Apple disk-images (created by SST - see "Super Saltines Transcopy" in Section 5.3).

On the MACINTOSH - There is currently no way to convert either from or to NDO on the Macintosh. NDO images are used by the "Catakig" emulator (File Creator: 'Ctkg', File Type: 'A2D5')

On the PC - To convert PO disk-images to NDO (for use with ApplEmu), use "Em2Emu" by Tom Baker <tombaker@world.std.com>. To convert NDO back to DO use "Emu2Em" by Dan Scholnik <dpscholn@mtu.edu> to re-order this format back into the "standard" 143360 size. AppleEmu can run NDO images containing copy-protected software without conversion. Newer emulators support multiple disk-images types but will support all NDO types containing standard software.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/em2emu.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/emu2em.zip

2IMG Universal Format

File Extension (2IMG/*.2MG) - This image is usually 800K in size, and is a proprietary format used by the XGS multi-platform IIgs emulator as well as Bernie ][ The Rescue on the Macintosh. It usually has the *.2MG extension. The size of the image is due to fact it contains a copy of an 800K 3.5" disk (usually ProDOS) rather than a single density 5.25" disk (although these may also be imported into 2IMG format by the utilities below). The format is primarily created by converting a ProDOS 800K disk into a DiskCopy image on a Macintosh, and then using the XGS "Image" utilities by Matthew Conte <itsbroke@ix.netcom.com>, or "Revival" by Thomas Fok <thomas@glink.net.hk>. "Revival" can also convert DOS 3.3 Ordered, ProDOS Ordered, and ApplePC HDV images into 2IMG format. The 2IMG format is explained at:

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/2img.txt

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.zip (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.rar (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.zip (OS/2 Warp)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.rar (OS/2 Warp)

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/revival.htm

2MG (or 2IMG) Disk Image Files

These are disk images (e.g. .dsk or .nib) with a prefix which includes information about size, format, sector ordering, volume number, locked/unlocked, etc..

2MG files may also have a Comment and/or extra file information added following the disk image data.

2MG format can accommodate disk images ranging from 5.25" diskette up through hard disk.

Typically, the image files have names ending with ".2mg".

ProDOS File Type- $E0 ProDOS Aux Type- $0130

Emulators which can use 2MG images include Bernie ][ the Rescue, Catakig, Sweet 16, XGS.

On an Apple II, ASIMOV2 (for IIgs) is the usual utility for creating 2MG files and for converting them to disk.


2MG (or 2IMG) Disk Image Format

Part of File Length

Prefix- 64 bytes (usual size of Prefix) Disk Data- varies (e.g. 143,360 for 5.25" disk) Comment (optional)- varies (often not present) Creator added (optional)- varies (often not present)


Prefix Format

0000-0003: 32 49 4D 47 "2IMG" ID for 2MG format (ASCII Text) 0004-0007: 58 47 53 21 "XGS!" Creator ID (ASCII Text) ** 0008-0009: 40 00 Header size ($0040= 64 bytes) 000A-000B: 01 00 Version number 000C-000F: 01 00 00 00 Image Format

                                   00= DOS 3.3 sector order
                                   01= ProDOS sector order
                                   02= NIB data
    • Note: "Creator" refers to application creating the image.

Here are ID's in use by various applications:

ASIMOV2- "!nfc" Bernie ][ the Rescue- "B2TR" Catakig- "CTKG" Sheppy's ImageMaker- "ShIm" Sweet 16- "WOOF" XGS- "XGS!"

0010-0013: 00 00 00 00 (Flags & DOS 3.3 Volume Number)

The four-byte flags field contains bit flags and data relating to the disk image. Bits not defined should be zero.

Bit Description

31 Locked? If Bit 31 is 1 (set), the disk image is locked. The emulator should allow no changes of disk data-- i.e. the disk should be viewed as write-protected.

8 DOS 3.3 Volume Number? If Bit 8 is 1 (set), then Bits 0-7 specify the DOS 3.3 Volume Number. If Bit 8 is 0 and the image is in DOS 3.3 order (Image Format = 0), then Volume Number will be taken as 254.

7-0 The DOS 3.3 Volume Number, usually 1 through 254, if Bit 8 is 1 (set). Otherwise, these bits should be 0.


0014-0017: 18 01 00 00 (ProDOS Blocks = 280 for 5.25")

The number of 512-byte blocks in the disk image- this value should be zero unless the image format is 1 (ProDOS order). Note: ASIMOV2 sets to $118 whether or not format is ProDOS.


0018-001B: 40 00 00 00 (Offset to disk data = 64 bytes)

Offset to the first byte of disk data in the image file from the beginning of the file- disk data must come before any Comment and Creator-specific chunks.


001C-001F: 00 30 02 00 (Bytes of disk data = 143,360 for 5.25")

Length of the disk data in bytes. (For ProDOS should be 512 x Number of blocks)


0020-0023: 00 00 00 00 (Offset to optional Comment)

Offset to the first byte of the image Comment- zero if there is no Comment. The Comment must come after the data chunk, but before the creator-specific chunk. The Comment, if it exists, should be raw text; no length byte or C-style null terminator byte is required (that's what the next field is for).


0024-0027: 00 00 00 00 (Length of optional Comment)

Length of the Comment chunk- zero if there's no Comment.


0028-002B: 00 00 00 00 (Offset to optional Creator data)

Offset to the first byte of the Creator-specific data chunk-zero if there is none.


002C-002F: 00 00 00 00 (Length of optional Creator data)

Length of the Creator-specific data chunk- zero if there is no creator-specific data.


0030-003F: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

Reserved space- at present all must be zero.


Apple II For Windows

File Extension (A4W/*.A4W) - This image is 143388 bytes in size, and is a proprietary format used solely by the Apple II Emulator for Windows. According to the "Apple II Emulator for Windows" help file this format adds a file header separated from the data section of the disk-image by two bytes with value 26 (1Ah). This binary format is used to store non copy-protected images. This format is used solely by the Apple II Emulator for Windows, and is recognised by a .A4W extension. Since no FTP sites store disk-images in A4W format, there is currently no need for a program to convert A4W back to DO or NDO formats.

On the MACINTOSH - There is currently no way to convert either from or to A4W on the Macintosh.

On the PC - Follow the instructions under the 'Disk II Diskette File Format' heading in the "Apple II Emulator for Windows" help file.

TrackStore

File Extension (*.APP) - This is a proprietary format created by the TrackStar Card for the PC, which can read actual Apple disks. The image can store either 40 or 80 tracks (the 80 track version is similar to NDO images, allowing information for duplicating protected software).

Dalton Disk Disintegrator

File Extension (DDD) - DDD is compression utility on the Apple, capable of archiving both files and entire disks. The Apple 2000 emulator on the Amiga can decompress and compress DDD disk-images (allowing compatibility with the Apple). Further information on this format is available in the "Apple 2000.doc" file included with the Apple 2000 package. DDD disk archives are not compatible with ShrinkIt SDK disk archives.

SimIIe

File Extension (IIE/*.IIE) - This image is generally 143390 bytes in size, and is a proprietary format used solely by the SimSystem IIE emulator. According to "SIMIIE.DOC" this format adds a 30 byte header to the binary and GCR disk-images (none of the other formats possess a header) and adjusts the interleaving of the binary disk-image from DOS3.3 to raw hardware format. This image can also store GCR format - "disk data in its purest GCR encoded format, the same way it is stored on a real Apple II...which makes this format suitable for many copy-protection methods used on Apple II products." GCR format files will vary in length - usually greater than 200K. Since no FTP sites store disk-images in IIE format, there is currently no need for a program to convert IIE back to DO or NDO formats.

On the MACINTOSH - There is currently no way to convert either from or to IIE on the Macintosh.

On the PC - Use "Dsk2iie" to convert disks from DO format to IIE format. SimIIe utilities, including "dsk2iie", are available in the "sim2du10.zip" archive released by Galen C. Hunt <gchunt@cc.dixie.edu>.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/sim2du10.zip (contains "dsk2iie")

Copy II+ 7.1 Image

File Extension (IMG/*.IMG) - This image is 143360 bytes in size. It is not compatible with DO or PO disks of equivalent size. This format is created using Central Point's Copy II+ 7.1, and selecting 'Copy', 'Disk', and then any 5.25" source drive to any 3.5" target drive or RAM volume. Copy II+ will then prompt for an image filename. For some reason ONLY Copy II+ version 7.1 possesses the ability to write disk-images (both earlier and later versions lack this feature).

On the MACINTOSH - This image can be converted into a standard disk-image on the Macintosh using "Image Converter" by Lazarus I. Long. "Image Converter" can also turn standard DO and PO images into *.IMG for transferring disks back to the Apple.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/ic.sit

XGS Format (XGS/*.XGS) - This image is usually 800K in size (identical to the newer 2IMG format), and is the older proprietary format used by the earlier versions of XGS. It has been superseded by the 2IMG Universal Format. It usually has the *.XGS extension. XGS images can be easily converted into 2IMG format using the XGS "Image" utilities by Matthew Conte <itsbroke@ix.netcom.com>, or "Revival" by Thomas Fok <thomas@glink.net.hk>.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.zip (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutil.rar (DOS)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.zip (OS/2 Warp)

http://classicgaming.com/xgsdos/Download/imgutos2.rar (OS/2 Warp)

http://www.glink.net.hk/~thomas/revival.htm

Raw Disk-Images

File Extension (*.DISK) - There are a couple of disk-image types which have not been listed here - these are generally "raw" disk-image formats with no compression as used by some of the emulators in Section 2 - and these types are not capable of conversion into standard disk-images. "Raw" disk-images of 5.25" disks will generally be 200-220K in size. According to the "Apple 2000.doc" file included with the Apple 2000 emulator, "raw" disk-images are capable of storing images of non-DOS and copy-protected disks.

Apple Program Files

File Extension (*.PROG) - Unlike disk-images, which simulate the structure of an Apple disk, some emulators are capable of running Apple software without the disk-image itself. The "Apple 2000" emulator on the Amiga does this with single executable files (so software with multiple data files will not work). Filenames with a *.PROG suffix become executable files; these are single files that were runnable from Apple DOS 3.3/ProDOS and did not require any disk access thereafter. These files now do not even require booting any Apple disk and are simply loaded into the appropriate Apple memory areas and instantly started. Alternatively, the Linux "ProDOS Emulator" uses a directory on the Unix system as a simulated drive (Slot 7, Drive 1) - thus eliminating the need for disk-images. With the ProDOS files (such as BASIC.SYSTEM or SHRINKIT) in the same directory as the emulator; the current directory appears within the emulator as a disk named /UNIX at S7,D1.

Distribution Disk-Images

The disk-image concept is used for a variety of tasks beyond emulation. Mainly, they are used for software distribution since, unlike compressed archives, disk-images can retain additional information such as file allocation (FAT files on PC disks) and icon placement (on Macintosh disks). Disks duplicated from an image are identical to the original, not mere copies. The following types of distribution images are not directly intended for emulation purposes.

ShrinkIt

File Extension (*.SDK) - "Shrunk" disk-images were not originally intended for use with emulators, being a type of NuFX archive created by ShrinkIt. As opposed to a standard .SHK file which usually contains files, an .SDK file contains a whole compressed disk (for archival or transfer purposes). Unlike the similar Dalton Disk Disintegrator (DDD) archive, SDK images cannot be used directly with an emulator. The SDK image can be extracted to a disk-image under MSDOS or Unix using "Nulib" by Andy McFadden <fadden@uts.amdahl.com>.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/nulib324.zip (PC compile version 3.24)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/nulib.zip (PC compile version 3.03)

ftp://apple2.caltech.edu/pub/apple2/ARCHIVERS/nulib324.tar.Z (source code)

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/shrinkit34.sdk

Apple DiskCopy

File Extension (*.DC) - Excerpted from "Dealing with Disk Images" available on the Apple Computer WWW site: "Disk Copy is an application program that creates reliable exact copies of floppy disks from a 3.5-inch master disk or from a disk image file on your hard disk. Disk Copy is used both to create the image files from a master floppy disk, and to create duplicate floppy disks from those image files. Although there is some similarity between disks duplicated from disk images and disks copied by dragging icons, the results are not identical. Floppy disks created from image files are exact duplicates, including the exact icon placement, appearance of all windows, and the correct name of the disk." Usually Apple System Software is distributed in this format.

DiskCopy images can contain MacOS, ProDOS and MS-DOS disks of 800K and 1.44Mb size. ProDOS DiskCopy images (usually 800K) are compatible with a number of emulators including Bernie ][ The Rescue, IIe, and XGS.

http://www.apple.com.au//documents/aboutapple/dskimg.html

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.info.apple.com/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/US/Macin tosh/Utilities/Disk_Copy_4.2.sea.hqx

ftp://ftp.info.apple.com/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/US/Macin tosh/Utilities/Disk_Copy_6.1.3.sea.hqx

ftp://ftp.info.apple.com/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/US/Macin tosh/Utilities/Disk_Copy_Manual_6.1.2.img.hqx

WinImage/Disk Copy Fast

File Extension (*.IMA,*.IMG) - These are the MS- DOS/Microsoft Windows equivalents of the Apple DiskCopy program. WinImage files can contain 720K and 1.44Mb MS-DOS disks, and 1.44Mb MacOS disks, and are not compatible with DiskCopy. They are not used in any emulators.

Working With Disk-Images

Adding/Removing Files

Applications exist which allow the incorporation of single DOS 3.3 files or compressed archives - such as those found on "pure" Apple ][ FTP sites or in the Apple binary newsgroup - into existing or new disk-images. Programs such as "dsk_in" and "dsk_out" by Tom Baker <tombaker@world.std.com> and "VIEWDISK" and can write Apple files into disk-images, and extract same to MSDOS files. The "Apple2 Dos Utility Package v1.0" by William Night <wnight@wimsey.com> contains MSDOS executables for "DosStrip" and "DFormat" to copy a disk's DOS and format other disk-images with that DOS (useful for removing or replacing DOS 3.3), as well as "DiskRead" and "DiskWrit" which read and write files for disk- images. For Windows users, try "A2DSK v001" (includes source) by Jeff Miller <miller@zipcon.net>. On the Macintosh, "Apple ][ DOS 3.3 Utility v1.0.0" and "A2 Disk Edit v1.1.0" by Hideki Naito <pbc03243@niftyserve.or.jp> offer the ability to transfer different types of Basic (binary and Applesoft) files as well as text files. "Image2File v1.2" is another Macintosh utility by Ron Kneusel <rkneusel@post.its.mcw.edu> which can read Dos, ProDOS and Pascal DO and PO images. For SimSystem disk-images, use "aftp" by Galen C. Hunt <gchunt@cc.dixie.edu> which browses, extracts and adds files to SimIIe disk (*.IIE) and hard-disk volumes (*.HDV) - part of the "sim2du10" archive. The SST package contains ANSI C, MSDOS and Amiga executables for "Extract", a file which extracts binary files from disk-images. "Extract 2" by Bob Colbert <rcolbert@oasis.novia.net> is a newer version of the MS-DOS executable. Amiga users can also use "afid" by George Phillips <phillips@cs.ubc.ca> on DOS3.3 disk-images to catalog, read and write files (also available in C source code). "afid" is included as part of the "Apple2000" emulator package for the Amiga. By the same author, "udisk" is a program (in C source code) which can read files from ProDOS and C64 1541 disk-images. "LibA2 v0.003" by Christopher J. Madsen <ac608@yfn.ysu.edu> is a perl module/script beta release of end-user utilities and library modules for accessing files on ProDOS disk-images.

These applications are of vital use to use who do not possess the ability to make disk-images on an original Apple ][; finding a single Apple file on an FTP site and using it with an emulator is no longer an insurmountable problem. Unfortunately, all of the utilities described above (except "LibA2" and "udisk") are designed only for DOS 3.3 disks and will not work on ProDOS volumes.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/dsk_in.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/dsk_out.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/viewdisk.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/a2_dos_utils_v1.zip

http://www.zipcon.com/~miller/apps/a2dsk001.zip (requires 'vbrun300.dll')

ftp://ground.isca.uiowa.edu/apple2/Emulators/A2D33Utility_1.0.0.sit

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/incoming/a2diskedit110.sit.hqx.txt

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/image2file.cpt.hqx

ftp://kreeft.intmed.mcw.edu/Q/pub/mac/image2file.cpt.hqx

http://keaggy.intmed.mcw.edu/image2file.html

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/sim2du10.zip (contains "aftp")

http://minnie.cs.adfa.oz.au/FreeBSD-mirror/data/ports/emulators.html ("aftp")

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/extract.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/extract2.zip

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/amiga/Apple2000v13.lha (contains "afid")

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/udisk.shar.gz

http://www.perl.com/CPAN-local/modules/by-module/AppleII/ (LibA2)

Cataloging

To find out the contents of a disk-image without running an emulator, try "catalogger" by Kevin Lund <kevin@locutus.ucr.edu> on the Macintosh or "dsk_cat.zip" on the PC. For SimIIe disk-images, use "aftp" by Galen C. Hunt <gchunt@cc.dixie.edu> - part of the "sim2du10" archive. The SST package contains ANSI C, MSDOS and Amiga executables for "CATALOG", a file which catalogs standard DOS 3.3 images. Amiga users can also use "afid" by George Phillips <phillips@cs.ubc.ca> on DOS3.3 disk-images to catalog, read and write files (also available in C source code). "Afid" is included as part of the "Apple2000" emulator package for the Amiga. "LibA2 v0.003" by Christopher J. Madsen <ac608@yfn.ysu.edu> is a perl module/script beta release of end-user utilities and library modules for accessing files on ProDOS disk-images.

PROGRAM LOCATIONS:

ftp://cassandra.ucr.edu/pub/apple2/incoming/catalogger.sit.hqx

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/dsk_cat.zip

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/emulators/simiie/sim2du10.zip (contains "aftp")

http://minnie.cs.adfa.oz.au/FreeBSD-mirror/data/ports/emulators.html ("aftp")

ftp://ftp.apple.asimov.net/pub/apple_II/utility/sst.zip (contains "CATALOG")

ftp://ftp.uni-kl.de/pub/apple2/amiga/Apple2000v13.lha (contains "afid")

http://www.perl.com/CPAN-local/modules/by-module/AppleII/ (LibA2)

Apple DOS/ProDOS Commands

These commands are intended for use with disk-images which contain either DOS 3.3 or any version of ProDOS. "Changing" the disk-image is equivalent to physically removing a disk from the Apple 5.25" or 3.5" drive and replacing it with another. As such, there is no DOS command to "change" a disk-image - it is a function integral to the emulator you are using (a menu command, icon or key equivalent)... Most disks use custom DOS (especially games) and will automatically boot when the computer is switched on or reset. If it comes up with a "*" prompt after boot, it means that DOS on that disk(-image) is bad, and the computer (or emulator) has entered the Assembly Language Monitor.

"All disk-related operations are controlled by a special program called the DISK OPERATING SYSTEM, or DOS. BASIC transmits requests to DOS for any operation involving the disk. The DOS returns the results to BASIC." ('Apple II User's Guide' p.164) Several versions of DOS exist for the Apple. DOS 3.2 used 13 sector per disk; DOS 3.3 used 16. Filenames under DOS 3.3 could be from 1 to 30 characters in length (comprising any uppercase keyboard character - including spaces and excepting commas). DOS 3.3 cannot accept lower-case commands (so remember to press CAPS LOCK on ][+ machines and emulators) and does not support sub-directories. ProDOS similarly uses uppercase filenames but they are restricted to 15 characters, lowercase commands and sub-directories are accepted. Both DOS 3.3 and ProDOS use the "]" prompt. DOS 3.3 also uses the ">" prompt for Integer BASIC programs.

For a comprehensive guide to the Apple II operating system, try the "Apple II DOS & Commands FAQ" by Nathan Mates

http://apple2.info/wiki/index.php?title=DOS

A partial list of commands follows:

BLOAD - Loads a machine language (binary) file.

BRUN - Executes a machine language (binary) file.

BSAVE - Saves a machine language (binary) file.

BYE (ProDOS only) - Exits BASIC.SYSTEM.

CAT (ProDOS only) - Abbreviated 40-column catalog giving a list of files, file type, size in blocks and last modification date. Some common ProDOS file type are given below:
      SYS - System executable
      TXT - Text file
      BAS - Applesoft BASIC program (executable)
      BIN - Machine language (binary) file

CATALOG - Under ProDOS, it provides an 80-column listing giving a list of files, file type, size in blocks, modification and creation dates, endfile data and subtype. Under DOS 3.3 it produces a list of files, file type, size in sectors (1 - 255) and disk label. Common DOS 3.3 file types are given below:

      A   - AppleSoft BASIC programs
      B   - Binary image (machine language) files
      I   - Integer BASIC programs
      T   - Text files
      R   - Relocatable binary
      S   - Source
      *   - File is locked (protected from modification/deletion)

CREATE (ProDOS only) - Creates sub-directories.

DELETE - Deletes UNLOCKED files. The command can specify slot, drive or volume number (DOS 3.3) or volume prefix (ProDOS); otherwise it assumes the file is in the current directory.

EXEC - Executes a text file; any text file containing a BASIC program will be automatically input as though it was typed. Direct commands will be executed. Thus BASIC programs can be more easily entered into a text-editor and then EXECuted on an Apple, and then saved.

INIT - Initializes a disk under DOS 3.3, with a greeting program of choice (typically named HELLO). Usage INIT HELLO.

LOAD - Loads an AppleSoft BASIC (or Integer BASIC under DOS 3.3) file.

LOCK - Locks a file.

PREFIX (ProDOS only) - Changes sub-directory.

RENAME - Renames files. Usage RENAME OLDNAME,NEWNAME under DOS 3.3.

RUN - Executes an AppleSoft or Integer BASIC program under DOS 3.3;
AppleSoft only under ProDOS (which does not support Integer BASIC). To execute any ProDOS filetype, use the "-" character instead of RUN or BRUN.

SAVE - Saves an AppleSoft BASIC file. Since it is saved into a "tokenised" format (ie. AppleSoft reserved words are replaced by ASCII codes or "tokens") the BASIC files are not plain text. To reverse the EXEC command and produce a plain text copy of a BASIC file; place the following line in the BASIC program and RUN:

  0 TEXT:PRINT CHR$(21):HOME:POKE 33,33:PRINT CHR$(4);"OPEN
  filename.txt":PRINT CHR$(4);"WRITE filename.txt":LIST 1,63999:PRINT
  CHR$(4);"CLOSE filename.txt":TEXT:END (suggested by Dave Althoff, Jr. 
<dalloff@freenet.columbus.oh.us>).

UNLOCK - Unlocks the file.

VERIFY - Verifies file (under DOS 3.3, it recalculates the checksum for each sector of the file).

***************************************************************************

Further Reading

The respective documents for each emulator are in their archive package. The Apple ][ documents I mentioned (and related items of interest) are listed alphabetically below:

"Apple2 Emulation Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) (version 2.5.1)" by James Vera <vera@anna.stanford.edu> and Tom Baker <tombaker@world.std.com>. This was the original Frequently Asked Questions List for comp.emulators.apple2; dated June 12, 1994.

http://www.jmas.co.jp/FAQs/emulate-apple2-faq

'Apple II User's Guide' by Lon Poole with Martin McNiff & Steven Cook. (c) 1981 OSBORNE/McGraw-Hill, 630 Bancroft Way, Berkeley, California 94710, USA. ISBN 0-931988-46-2. Exerpts are quoted without permission.

"AppleUni FAQ" is a compilation of E-Mail questions from Peter Pauen and was prepared by Andrew J. Kroll <ag784@freenet.buffalo.edu>. The FAQ is included in the AppleUni archive (see "AppleUni" in Chapter 2 of this FAQ).

"COMP.SYS.APPLE2 - FAQ" by Nathan Mates <nathan@visi.com>; this FAQ appears regularly on comp.sys.apple2.

http://www.visi.com/~nathan/a2/faq/csa2.html

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part1

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part2

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part3

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/apple2/faq/part4

"The Official XGS FAQ (version 1.3)" by Matthew Conte <itsbroke@ix.netcom.com>.

http://www.jurai.org/~funaho/emulators/XGS/xgsfaq13.txt

For a list of general emulators (listed by platform/processor emulation), try:

"COMP.EMULATORS.MISC Frequently Asked Questions" by Adam Roach <adam.roach@exu.ericsson.se>; this FAQ appears regularly on comp.emulators.misc.

http://www.why.net/home/adam/cem/

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/emulators-faq/part1

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/emulators-faq/part2

ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet/news.answers/emulators-faq/part3

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